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Evaluation of Phosphorus Acid Treatment as a Growth Stimulant for Red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), and Kimchi cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. pekinensis) in the Bed Soil Environment

상토 환경에서 고추(Capsicum annuum L.), 오이(Cucumis sativus L.) 및 배추(Brassica campestris L. ssp. pekinensis)에 대한 생장촉진제로서 아인산 처리의 평가

  • Kwon, Sang-Moon (Department of Environmental & Biological Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Ye-Eun (Department of Environmental & Biological Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Young-Min (Department of Environmental & Biological Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Deok-Won (Department of Environmental & Biological Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Ji-Su (Department of Environmental & Biological Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Oh, Eun-Ji (Department of Environmental & Biological Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Yoo, Jin (Department of Ecology & Environment, Gyeonggi Research Institute) ;
  • Chung, Keun-Yook (Department of Environmental & Biological Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University)
  • 권상문 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 이예은 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 박영민 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 김덕원 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 박지수 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 오은지 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 환경생명화학과) ;
  • 유진 (경기연구원 생태환경연구실) ;
  • 정근욱 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 환경생명화학과)
  • Received : 2019.11.30
  • Accepted : 2020.02.06
  • Published : 2020.03.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of phosphorus acid (H3PO3) addition to the horticultural bed soil on the initial growth of red pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv.), cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. cv.), and kimchi cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp. pekinensis (Lour.) Rupr. cv.). The stem heights of red pepper and cucumber were 46.1% and 23.0% greater in the 50 mg/L of phosphorus acid treatment than the untreated (control). Further, the stem diameter of pepper and cucumber were 48.7% and 23.0% greater in the 50 mg/L of phosphorus acid treatment than the control. In addition, the number of kimchi cabbage leaves was 47.5% greater in the 50 mg/L of phosphorus acid treatment than the control. The dry weights of red pepper, cucumber and kimchi cabbage were 72.9%, 16.5%, and 30.4% heavier in the 50 mg/L than the control, respectively. Cations (K, Ca, and Mg) and total phosphorus (T - P) were quantitatively analyzed for these three horticultural crops. The concentrations of K, Ca, and Mg, and T - P were higher in the 50 mg/L of phosphorus acid than the control, respectively. Based on the results obtained in this study, it appears that treatment of phosphorus acid in horticultural bed soil enhanced the growth of red pepper, cucumber and Kimchi cabbage.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 충북대학교

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