- Volume 29 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Growth Changes in Abies koreana Seedlings of the Hallasan Mountain Over a 10-year Period
한라산 구상나무 치수의 10년간 생장 변화
- Song, Kuk-Man (Warm-temperate and Subtropical Forest Research Center, National Institute of Forest Science) ;
- Kim, Jae Hoon (Warm-temperate and Subtropical Forest Research Center, National Institute of Forest Science) ;
- Choi, Hyung Soon (Warm-temperate and Subtropical Forest Research Center, National Institute of Forest Science)
- Received : 2019.10.02
- Accepted : 2020.02.12
- Published : 2020.03.31
This study was conducted to monitor the growth and development of Abies koreana seedlings in the Hallasan Mountain. Accordingly, the obtained results indicate that the number of A. koreana seedlings increased by 2.6 and 4.8 times in the Yeongsil and Jindallaebat areas, respectively, over the 10-year period. Most of these seedlings were found to be growing on moss-covered rocks. The average tree height over the last 10 years was obtained as 20.4 cm in the Yeongsil area and 3.6 cm in Jindallaebat with growths of 4.1 cm and 1.4 cm, respectively over the last 2 years. Of all the mature trees that were surviving in 2009, 6 died in Yeongsil in 2014 (with an additional 4 in 2018) and 13 in Jindallaebat in 2016. Over the 10-year period, the diameter at breast height of the trees in Yeongsil and Jindallaebat has increased by an average of 0.6 cm and 4.2 cm. Similarly, an average of 6.8 cones was found in the Yeongsil area in 2014 and 26.3 in Jindallaebat in 2016. However, in 2018, no additional cones were found in the former, although an average of 1.4 cones was observed in the latter. With respect to the average temperature and relative humidity, no significant difference could be observed between two monitored areas from 2016 to 2018. However, in July 2017 and February 2018, the average temperature was higher in the Jindallaebat area, while relative humidity was higher in Yeongsil, there by possibly affecting cone growth and flowering between areas. These results indicate the survival and growth of A. koreana seedlings in the Hallasan Mountain is sensitive to the environments of each area. Hence, continuous monitoring of the environment changes and in-depth studies on the flowering and fruiting of A. koreana seedlings needs to be carried out in order to analyze the relationship between their survival rates and changes in weather conditions.
- Ahn, U. S., Kim, D. S., Yun, Y. S., Ko, S. H., Kim, K. S., Cho, I. S., 2019, The inference about the cause of death of Korean fir in Mt. Halla through the analysis of spatial dying pattern - Proposing the possibility of excess soil moisture by climate changes, Korean J. Agr. For. Meteoro., 21, 1-28.
- Antos, J. A., Parish, R., Nigh, G. D., 2008, Growth patterns prior to mortality of mature Abies lasiocarpa in old-growth subalpine forests of southern British Columbia, For. Eco. Mana., 255, 1568-1574. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.11.022
- Cho, H. K., Hong, S. G., Kim, J. J., 2001, Studies on growth and biomass production of Abies koreana seedlings under different relative light intensity, J. Korea For. Ener., 20, 58-68.
- Chung, J. M., Lee, S. W., Lee, K. Y., 1996, Vegetation structure, regeneration niche, and dynamics of the saplings in Abies koreana forest of the Mt. Chiri, J. Korean For. Soc., 85, 34-43.
- IPCC, 2014, Climate change 2014: Synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)], IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151.
- Kim, E. S., Oh, C. H., Park, H. C., Lee, S. H., Choi, J. H., Lee, S. H., Cho, H. B., Lim, W. T., Kim, H. J., Yoon, Y. K., 2016, Disturbed regeneration of saplings of Korean fir (Abies koreana Wilson), an endemic tree species, in Hallasan National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, Jeju Island, Korea, J. Mar. Isl. Cul., 5, 68-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imic.2016.02.001
- Kim, G. B., Lee, K. J., Hyun, J. O., 1998, Regeneration of seedlings under different vegetation types and effects of allelopathy on seedling establishment of Abies koreana in the Banyabong peak, Mt. Chiri, J. Korean For. Soc., 87, 230-238.
- Kim, G. T., Kim, J. S., Choo, G. C., 1991, Studies on the structure of forest community st Banyabong area-Abies koreana forest, Korean J. Environ. Eco., 5, 25-31.
- Kim, H. S., Lee, S. M., Song, H. K., 2011, Actual vegetation distribution status and ecological succession in the Deogyusan National Park, Korean J. Environ. Eco., 25, 37-46.
- Kim, N. S., Lee, H. C., 2013, A Study on changes and distributions of Korean fir in sub-alpine zone, J. Korea Soc. Environ. Res. Tec., 16, 49-57.
- KMA, 2018, 2018 Abnormal climate report, Korea Meteorological Administration, 198.
- Koh, J. G., Kim, D. S., Kim, J. G., Ko, Y. J., 2015, Growth dynamics of Korean fir in Mt. Hallasan, Hallasan Research Report, 14, 9-25.
- Kong, W. S., 1999, The vertical distribution of air temperature and thermal amplitude of alpine plants on Mt. Halla, Cheju Island, Korea, J. Korean Geo. Soc., 34, 385-393.
- Kong, W. S., Watts, D., 1993, The plant geography of korea with emphasis on the alpine zones, Kluwer Academic Publishers Dodrecht, 244.
- Koo, K. A., Park, W. K., Kong, W. S., 2001, Dendrochronological analysis of Abies koreana W. at Mt. Halla, Korea: effects of climate change on the growths, Korean J. Eco., 24, 281-288.
- Lee, J. W., 2016, A Study on the occurrence of seedlings and saplings of Korean fir (Abies koreana E.H. Wilson) on Mt. Hallasan National Park, M.S, Dissertation, Kookmin University, Seoul, Korea.
- Lee, S. H., Heo, I. H., Lee, K. M., Kim, S. Y., Lee, Y. S., Kwon, W. T., 2008, Impacts of climate change on phenology and growth of crops in the case of Naju, J. Korean Geo. Soc., 43, 20-35.
- Lee, Y. W., Hong, S. C., 1995, Ecological studies on the vegetation characteristics of the Abies koreana forest, J. Korean For. Soc., 84, 247-257.
- Lim, J. H., Woo, S. Y., Kwon, M. J., Chun, J. H., Shin, J. H., 2006, Photosynthetic capacity and water use efficiency under different temperature regimes on healthy and declining Korean fir in Mt. Halla, J. Korean For. Soc., 95, 705-710.
- Masaki, T., Osumi, K., Takahahi, K. Hoshizaki, K., Matsune, K., Suzuki, W., 2007, Effects of micro-environmental heterogeneity on the seed-to -seedling process and tree coexistence in a riparian forest. Ecological Research, 22, 724-734. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-006-0308-1
- Moon, H. S., 1989, A Comparative study of climate in Cheju and Sogwipo, M.S, Dissertation, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
- Nam, J. W., 2014, The study for the community structures of the Korean fir (Abies koreana) deadwood-dwelling beetles on Mt. Halla National Park, Jeju Island, Korea, Ph. D. Dissertation, Seoul Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
- Oh, S. J., Koh, J. G., Kim, E. S., Oh, M. Y., Koh, S. C., 2001, Diurnal and seasonal variation of chlorophyll fluorescence from Korean fir plants on Mt. Halla, Korean J. Environ. Bio., 19, 43-48.
- Park, C. H., Yun, J. H., Kim, J. S., Kim, S. Y., Lee, B. Y., Tanaka, N., Nakao, K., 2012, Habitat prediction and impact assessment of climate change on korean plants (II), National Institute of Biological Resources. Incheon, Korea, 34.
- Park, I. H., Kim, G. D., 1986, Forest structure, biomass, and net production in a natural forest ecosystem at Mt. Baekun Area, J. Korea For. Ener., 6, 1-45.
- Song, K. M., 2011, Vegetation structure and dynamics of Abies koreana forests on Mt. Halla, Ph. D. Dissertation, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
- Song, K. M., Kim, C. S., Koh, J. G., Kang, C. H., Kim, M. H., 2010, Vegetation structure and distribution characteristics of Abies koreana forest in Mt. Halla, J. Environ. Sci. Int., 19, 415-425. https://doi.org/10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.415
- Song, K. M., Kim, J., Kang, Y. J., Choi, H. S., Jung, S. C., Lee, S. H., Lee, J. H., Koh, J. G., Kim, J. G., Lee, K. H., Hong, Y. P., Lim, J. H., Kim, C. S., 2016, Korea fir of Hallasan Mountain, why are they dying? National Institute of Forest Service, Seoul, Korea.
- Yun, J. H., Kim, J. H., Oh, K. H., Lee, B. Y., 2010, Vertical distribution of vascular plants in Jungsanri, Mt. Jiri by temperature gradient, Korean J. Environ. Eco., 24, 680-707.