The Effect of Menopausal Symptoms & Self Esteem on Depression in Middle Aged Women

중년여성의 갱년기증상과 자아존중감이 우울에 미치는 영향 연구

  • Received : 2020.01.22
  • Accepted : 2020.03.20
  • Published : 2020.03.28


The study was investigate the effect of Climacteric Symptom and Self Esteem on depression in middle woman. A questionnaire was completed by 125 D & S city middle aged womans from January to February 2019. data was analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0. In addition descriptive statistics and t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression were used in the data analysis. Differences in depression according to general characteristics of middle-aged women showed significant difference in economic status and health status instability. The variables affecting depression are Climacteric Symptom(β=.409, p<.001), Self Esteem(β=-.368 p<.001), economic status(β=.067 p=353), health status(β=-.094 p=.174). It should be used in the development of social policy nursing policy for menopausal women by confirming the symptoms of menopausal symptoms and depression in middle-aged women and accepting menopausal period as a turning point of natural life.

본 연구는 중년여성의 갱년기증상과 자아존중감이 우울에 영향을 미치는 영향요인을 파악하기 위해 시도되었다. 본 연구는 2개 지역 D 와 S 지역에 거주하는 중년여성 대상으로 연구의 취지, 목적, 과정에 설명을 하고 동의한 125명을 대상으로 하였다. 자료는 SPSS 21.0 을 이용하였고, 빈도분석, 분산분석, t검증, 상관분석, 희귀분석으로 실시하였다. 자료수집은 2019년 1월부터 2019년 2월까지 하였다. 본 연구결과는 아래와 같으며, 중년여성들의 일반적 특성에 따른 우울의 차이는 주관적 경제상태와 주관적 건강상태에서 유의미한 차이를 보였다. 우울에 영향을 미치는 변수는 갱년기증상(β=.409, p<.001), 자아존중감(β=-.368, p<.001), 건강상태(β=-.094 p=.174), 경제상태(β=.067 p=.353)순으로 확인되었다. 우울은 개인마다 차이가 있으므로 중년여성의 갱년기증상과 우울정도를 확인하여 갱년기를 자연스러운 인생의 전환기로 받아들이고 갱년기 여성의 사회정책, 간호정책개발에 활용되어야 할 것이다.



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