DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of Residential Environmental Satisfaction on Quality of Life and the Moderating Effect of Housing Type: The Case of Gyeonggi, Korea

  • Received : 2019.12.19
  • Accepted : 2020.01.22
  • Published : 2020.02.28

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between residential environmental satisfaction and quality of life, and how the relationship between variables differed depending on housing type. Residential environments can affect a person's life in a variety of ways. However, there have not been many studies on the relationship between quality of life and residential environments, which increases the importance of this study. In this study, residential environments were categorized according to amenities, safety, and neighborhood relationships, which enabled the comparison of influence between these elements. In addition, this study analyzed the moderating effect of housing type to look for improvements for low-rise housing residents. For testing the hypotheses, moderating regression analysis was conducted with data from the 1st Gyeonggi Province quality of life survey that had 18,953 subjects. Results showed that residential environmental satisfaction had a positive effect on quality of life, with amenities having the largest influence. Furthermore, housing type had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between safety and quality of life. In other words, safety was proven relatively important in improving quality of life for low-rise housing residents. Today, with the limits to quantitative growth, qualitative development has become more important. In this respect, this study provides important implications for many developing countries undergoing urbanization.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea

References

  1. Ahmadiani, M., & Ferreira, S. (2019). Environmental amenities and quality of life across the United States. Ecological economics, 164, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.05.021
  2. Albouy, D., Graf, W., Kellogg, R., & Wolff, H. (2016). Climate amenities, climate change, and American quality of life. Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 3(1), 205-246. https://doi.org/10.3386/w18925 https://doi.org/10.1086/684573
  3. Bae, W. K., Kim, U. H., & Lee, J. W. (2019). Evaluation of the criteria for designating maintenance districts in low-rise residential areas: Urban renewal projects in Seoul. Sustainability, 11(21), 58-76. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11215876
  4. Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173
  5. Biagi, B., Ladu, M. G., & Meleddu, M. (2018). Urban quality of life and capabilities: An experimental study. Ecological Economics, 150, 137-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.04.011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.04.011
  6. Brehm, J. M., Eisenhauer, B. W. & Krannich, R. S. (2006). Community attachments as predictors of local environmental concern: The case for multiple dimensions of attachment. American Behavioral Scientist, 50, 142-165. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764206290630 https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764206290630
  7. Cho, M. R. (2011). The low growth and change of urban paradigm, New urban policies in the low growth era. Hanul Publishing.
  8. Choi, Y. N. (2016). The study on factors determining life satisfaction in Jeollabukdo: Focusing on individual and regional factors. Korean Association for Local Government and Administration Studies Research, 30(3), 291-312. https://doi.org/10.18398/kjlgas.2016.30.3.291
  9. Deaton, A. (2008). Income, health, and well-being around the world: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 22(2), 53-72. https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.22.2.53 https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.22.2.53
  10. Easterlin, R. A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. Nations and Households in Economic Growth, 89, 89-125.
  11. Friedmann, J. (2000). The good city: In defense of utopian thinking. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 24, 460-472. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.00258 https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.00258
  12. Friedmann, J., & Alonso, W. (1975). Regional policy; Readings in theory and applications. The MIT Press.
  13. Jang, J. H. (2007). A study on the revitalization of the typical low-rise and high-density dwelling site by expanding urban infrastructure: Focused on Jung Hwa Renewal District, Seoul [Unpublished master's thesis]. Seoul National University.
  14. Joung, Y. J. (2014). An empirical analysis on the importance of neighborhood relations and spatial characteristics: Focused on the family life cycle (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Seoul National University.
  15. Kelly, J. F., Breadon, P., Davis, C., Hunter, A., Mares, P. & Weidmann, B. (2012). Social cities. Grattan Institute.
  16. Kim, D., Subramanian, S. V., Gortmaker, S. L., & Kawachi, I. (2006). US state- and county-level social capital in relation to obesity and physical inactivity: A multilevel, multivariable analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 63(4), 1045-1059. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.02.017 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.02.017
  17. Kim, J. W., & Lee, S. M. (2018). Perceived neighborhood conditions and happiness of young Japanese and Koreans. Journal of Asian Sociology, 47(1), 1-37. https://doi.org/10.21588/dns/2018.47.1.001
  18. Lee, B. H., & Son, W. B. (2017). Designing a longitudinal survey for measuring the quality of life: A case study. GRI review, 19(3), 1-23.
  19. Kim, M. J. (2019, September). neuj-eun bam, dangsin-ui gwigasgil-eun anjeonhabnikka? [Is your return home safe late at night?]. SBS News. https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=055&aid=0000758555
  20. Lee, H. C., Park, H. B., & Jung, W. L. (2004). An analysis on the factors to affect the settlement consciousness of in habitants. The Korean Association for Policy Studies, 13(3), 147-167.
  21. Lee, I. H., Jung, S. W., Lee, J. W., & Macdonald, E. (2019). Street crime prediction model based on the physical characteristics of a streetscape: Analysis of streets in low-rise housing areas in South Korea. Urban Analytics and City Science, 46(8), 862-879. https://doi.org/10.1177/2399808317735105
  22. Lee, K. Y., Jeong, M. G., & Jung, Y. E. (2018). An empirical study of factors affecting continual residence intention: Focusing on comparison among five regions in Seoul. The Korean Journal of Public Administration, 27(2), 179-210.
  23. Lee, Y. J. (2018). A study on the characteristics of planning of low-rise old housing: Focused on case analysis of urban regenerated sites in Busan Metropolitan City [Unpublished master's thesis]. Changwon National University.
  24. Lewicka, M. (2011). Place attachment: How far have we come in the last 40 years? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31, 207-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.10.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.10.001
  25. Lim, G. S. (2012). Recognition of local residents on quality of life and its influencing factors: Focused on the cities and counties in Gangwon Province [Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Kangwon National University.
  26. Maeng, D. M., & Baik, C. N. (2019). A study in the characteristics of low-rise residential areas implemented of urban planning projects: Focusing on residential environment improvement zones in Seoul. Seoul Studies, 20(2), 37-55.
  27. Maeng, D. M., Jang, N. J., & Baik, C. N. (2015). A study of the Seoul residential environment management projects for sustainable management of low-rise residential areas. The Seoul Institute.
  28. Mohan, J., & Twigg, L. (2007). Sense of place, quality of life and local socioeconomic context: Evidence from the survey of English housing, 2002/03. Urban Studies, 44(10), 2029-2045. https://doi.org/10.1080/00420980701471885 https://doi.org/10.1080/00420980701471885
  29. Moon, H. N., Chai, C. G., & Song, N. K. (2018). Analysis of the effect of perceived neighborhood physical environment on mental health. Seoul Studies, 19(2), 87-103.
  30. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport. (2018). Guideline for Urban Regeneration New-Deal Projects.
  31. OECD. (2011). OECD Framework for Measuring Well-Being and Progress. OECD. https://www.oecd.org/statistics/measuring-well-being-and-progress.htm
  32. Oliver, J., Huxley, P., Bridges, K., & Mohamad, H. (1996). Quality of life and mental health services. Routledge.
  33. Ozkan, D. G. & Yilmaz, S. (2019). The effects of physical and social attributes of place on place attachment: A case study on Trabzon urban squares. International Journal of Architectural Research, 13(1), 133-150. https://doi.org/10.1108/ARCH-11-2018-0010 https://doi.org/10.1108/ARCH-11-2018-0010
  34. Paek, D. J. (2017). A study on accessibility to public transit and basic living infrastructure of multi-family housing in Seoul [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. The Graduate School Seoul Venture University.
  35. Park, K. J., & Lee, S. W. (2015). Determinants of housing expenditure in Seoul Metropolitan Area, 2006-2014: Application of multi-level model. The Korea Spatial Planning Review, 87, 33-48. https://doi.org/10.15793/kspr.2015.87..003
  36. Sacks, D. W., Stevenson, B., & Wolfers, J. (2010). Subjective well-being, income, economic development and growth. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper. No.16441. https://doi.org/10.3386/w16441
  37. Sharma, S., Durand, R. M., & Gur-Arie, O. (1981). Identification and analysis of moderator variables. Journal of Marketing Research, 18, 291-300. https://doi.org/10.2307/3150970 https://doi.org/10.1177/002224378101800303
  38. Shin, H. K., Jo, I. S., & Kim, H. S. (2018). An analysis on the influence factors and characteristics of neighborhood on the subjective depression of residents by housing type. Journal of the Korean Housing Association, 29(5), 15-27.
  39. Shin, J. H. (2019). A study on the application direction of living infrastructure in Seoul low-rise residential area [Unpublished master's thesis]. Sungkyunkwan University.
  40. Shin, M. C., Shin, G. M., & Lee, J. S. (2019). The impacts of locational and neighborhood environmental factors on the spatial clustering pattern of small urban houses: A case of urban residential housing in Seoul. Sustainability, 11(7), 19-34. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11071934
  41. Sirgy, M. J., Gao, T., & Young, R. (2008). How does residents' satisfaction with community services influence quality of life (QOL) outcomes? Applied Research in Quality of Life, 3(2), 81-105. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-008-9048-4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-008-9048-4
  42. Song, J. Y. & Yim, S. K. (2015). Theoretical exploration of social sustainability for the qualitative development of cities. Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, 50(6), 677-694.
  43. Stevenson, B. & Wolfers, J. (2013). Subjective well-being and income: Is there any evidence of satiation? American Economic Review. 103(3): 598-604. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2265690 https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.103.3.598
  44. Taniguchi, H., & Potter, D. A. (2016). Who are your neighbors?: Neighbor relationships and subjective well-being in Japan. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 11(4), 1425-1443. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-015-9445-4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-015-9445-4
  45. WHO Expert Committee on the Public Health Aspects of Housing. (1961, June 19-26). Expert Committee on the Public Health Aspects of Housing first report. WHO. Geneva, Switzerland. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/40497
  46. OECD. (2018). The Better Life Index. http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/