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A Study on The Relationship Between Intraoperative Neuromonitoring and Hemoglobin Changes

Lee, Kyuhyun;Kim, Jaekyung

  • Received : 2020.08.28
  • Accepted : 2020.09.10
  • Published : 2020.12.31

Abstract

This study was conducted in order to determine the effect of intraoperative hemoglobin changes on intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM). This was a retrospective study that included 339 participants who underwent cerebrovascular surgery. We compared anesthetic agents, intraoperative hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood transfusion, and blood loss. We examined motor evoked potential and sensory evoked potential to patients. There were significant differences in hemoglobin changes, bleeding levels, transfusion, anesthesia time, and postoperative mobility disorders. Moreover, compared with patients who received transfusions, those who did not receive transfusion had a lower average hemoglobin level, as well as a higher bleeding amount, and a need of higher anesthesia time and anesthetic dose. Also, we found vasospasm occurred while surgery can bring adverse results after operation. This study showed that an intraoperative decrease in hemoglobin levels affects the function of cerebral perfusion, which could result in abnormal nerve monitoring results. However, as this study could not find a relation of anesthetics to IONM, there is a need for further research regarding the association between anesthetics and hemoglobin changes and IONM.