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일산화탄소 단기 노출에 따른 순환계통 질환 위험과 진료비용 예측을 위한 IoT 활용 방안

IoT Utilization for Predicting the Risk of Circulatory System Diseases and Medical Expenses Due to Short-term Carbon Monoxide Exposure

  • 이상호 (목포대학교 스마트비즈니스학과) ;
  • 조광문 (목포대학교 전자상거래학과)
  • Lee, Sangho (Dept. of Smart Business, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Cho, Kwangmoon (Dept. of Electronic Commerce, Mokpo National University)
  • 투고 : 2020.09.29
  • 심사 : 2020.11.24
  • 발행 : 2020.12.31

초록

본 연구는 2010년 1월부터 2018년 12월까지 일산화탄소의 12일 단기 노출에 따른 순환계통 질환 사망자 수의 영향관계를 분석하였고, 일산화탄소 농도 증가에 따른 미래의 순환계통 질환의 진료비용을 예측하였다. 한국환경공단의 대기환경정보(Airkorea)와 한국 통계청에서 자료를 추출하였고, 포아송 회귀분석과 ARIMA 개입 모형을 사용하여 분석하였다. 통계처리는 SPSS Ver. 21.0 프로그램을 이용하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 일산화탄소의 단기 노출에 따른 순환계통 질환 사망에 영향관계를 당일부터 이전 11일 전까지 분석한 결과는 이전 11일에서 가장 높은 영향력이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 일산화탄소 농도 증가에 따라 미래의 순환계통 질환 진료비용은 2019년 예측값이 10,123십억원으로 2018년 12월 말의 관측값 9,443십억원보다 높게 나타났다. 또한 월별로 정리해 보면 순환계통 질환 진료비용은 계절변동이 반영되어 1월 보다 12월로 갈수록 높아진다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 연구를 통하여 일산화탄소와 같은 대기오염물질 증가에 따른 선제적 대응을 위하여 IoT를 활용한 다양한 기기 및 장비를 보급함으로써 모든 국민의 건강한 삶을 위한 미래가 실현될 수 있을 것이다.

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