The French Evolution of Protection-Management Systems for Historic Monuments and Their Surroundings over One-Hundred Years: 1913-2016

프랑스 역사기념물과 그 주변 보호·관리제도의 진화: 1913~2016

  • Lee, Sujin (The Institute for Korean Regional Studies, Seoul National University) ;
  • Ryu, Je-hun (Korea National University of Cultural Heritage)
  • 이수진 (서울대학교 국토문제연구소) ;
  • 류제헌 (한국전통문화대학교)
  • Received : 2019.02.15
  • Accepted : 2019.08.05
  • Published : 2019.09.30


This study aims to examine the evolutionary process of the protection-management system for historic monuments and their surroundings in France over one-hundred years. Because France and Korea shared policies and institutions regarding the management of historical monuments (cultural property) along with their surroundings, it is necessary to explore the French experience from a comparative perspective. In France, historical monuments began to be recognized as national heritage according to "the 1913 law" which has continued to evolve for more than one hundred years. In the beginning, a historical monument was preserved as a single building unit; however, since 1943, a new policy has been implemented to preserve sets of historical monuments along with their perimeters of protection zones. Moreover, since 1980, in the context of decentralization, local authorities have been given more roles and autonomy concerning the management of historic monuments and their surroundings. Local authorities have played a key role in the protection-management of historic monuments and their surroundings, and have become more active in the conservation of their architectural heritage, including historic monuments. The central government, however, remains as the headquarters whose rigorous policies provide a solid foundation for the decentralized management system of architectural and cultural heritage, including historic monuments. The final goal in the evolutionary process, then, targets the effective and harmonious integration of the protection-management system for historic monuments and their surroundings into urban and regional planning.


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