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A Study on the Reproduction Experimental of Breaking of dried stalks technique of Recorded in Oju-Yeonmunjang jeon-Sango in the late Joseon Dynasty

조선 후기 『오주연문장전산고』에 기록된 자연건조쇄경식 제섬 기술 재현 실험 연구

  • Kong, Sanghui (Dept. of Convergence Cultural Heritage, Graduate School, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Ree, Jiwon (Dept. of Convergence Cultural Heritage, Graduate School, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Kim, Hajin (Dept. of Convergence Cultural Heritage, Graduate School, Korea National University of Cultural Heritage)
  • 공상희 (한국전통문화대학교 일반대학원 문화유산융합학과) ;
  • 이지원 (한국전통문화대학교 일반대학원 문화유산융합학과) ;
  • 김하진 (한국전통문화대학교 일반대학원 문화유산융합학과)
  • Received : 2019.09.29
  • Accepted : 2019.11.07
  • Published : 2019.12.30

Abstract

Fiber scutching refers to the process of extracting fibers from plants by separating or extracting fibers from the raw materials. As the definition of the term implies, the "Fiber Scutching" is performed on plants with advanced bast fiber as the primary material processing technique performed on plant materials. Some of the most popular phosphorus plants are ramie, hemp, flax, and the paper mulberry, which have a long history of cultivation and a wide range of distribution, making them very universal as a material supporting human life and culture. This study was described in Oju-yeonmunjangjeon-sango but was designed to re-examine the method of breaking dried stalks, which is currently unused in Korea, to examine the feasibility and characteristics of the technology. As a result of sampling and experimenting with hemp bast using the method recorded in the literature, hemp fiber was actually produced. The criteria for removing the shell from the hemp stem were the degree of discoloration and drying, and only when the stalk was completely discolored to yellow could segregation of the stalk from the shell be performed. The amount of sunlight and temperature were conditions that accelerated drying. However, if exposed for a long time, it is confirmed that hemp bast will be in a suitable condition to process, regardless of the amount of sunlight and temperature. 'Breaking of dried stalks', which utilizes the physical power of 'threshing with a flail' is considered a core process of the fiber scutching technique in 'Yukjin' in Hamgyeong-do. The bark and the core of the hemp were separated by tapping, the bast was thinly split, and the shell was peeled off, making it suitable for collecting with thread. The method of collecting the fibers by applying physical power causes downing on the fibers, which is to be generally avoided in the manufacture of bast fabric woven hemp or ramie. However, Hamgyeong-do's fiber scutching method seems to have applied this principle to the method of making fragile fabrics by using it in reverse. This method is distinct from the steaming or boiling of the stalks' in Andong, Korea, and it is similar to the Western method of spinning fabrics.

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