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Experimental investigation on the effect of cementitious materials on fresh and mechanical properties of self-consolidating concrete

  • Shariati, Mahdi (Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University) ;
  • Rafie, Shervin (Department of Construction Engineering and Management, Amirkabir University of Technology) ;
  • Zandi, Yousef (Department of Civil Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Fooladvand, Rouhollah (Department of Civil Engineering, Qeshm International Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Gharehaghaj, Behnam (Department of Civil Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Mehrabi, Peyman (Department of Civil Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology) ;
  • Shariat, Ali (Division of Computational Mathematics and Engineering, Institute for Computational Science, Ton Duc Thang University) ;
  • Trung, Nguyen Thoi (Division of Computational Mathematics and Engineering, Institute for Computational Science, Ton Duc Thang University) ;
  • Salih, Musab N.A. (School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia) ;
  • Poi-Ngian, Shek (Construction Research Center (CRC), Institute for Smart Infrastructure & Innovative Construction (ISIIC), School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia)
  • Received : 2019.07.08
  • Accepted : 2019.09.22
  • Published : 2019.11.25

Abstract

Although applying self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in many modern structures is an inevitable fact, the high consumption of cement in its mixing designs has led to increased production costs and adverse environmental effects. In order to find economically viable sources with environmentally friendly features, natural pozzolan pumice and blast furnace slag in 10-50% of replacement binary designs have been investigated for experiments on the properties of fresh concrete, mechanical properties, and durability. As a natural pozzolan, pumice does not require advanced equipment to prepare for consumption and only needs to be powdered. Pumice has been the main focus of this research because of simple preparation. Also to validate the results, in addition to the control specimens of each design, fly ash as a known powder has been evaluated. Moreover, ternary mixes of pumice and silica fume were investigated to enhance the obtained results of binary mixes. It was concluded that pumice and slag powders indicated favorable performance in the high percentage of replacement.

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  97. Shariati, M., Ramli Sulong, N.H., Arabnejad Khanouki, M.M. and Mahoutian, M. (2011), "Shear resistance of channel shear connectors in plain, reinforced and lightweight concrete", Scientif. Res. Essay., 6(4), 977-983.
  98. Shariati, M., Ramli Sulong, N.H., Arabnejad Khanouki, M.M. and Shariati, A. (2011), "Experimental and numerical investigations of channel shear connectors in high strength concrete", Proceedings of the 2011 World Congress on Advances in Structural Engineering and Mechanics (ASEM'11+), Seoul, South Korea.
  99. Shariati, M., Ramli Sulong, N.H., Arabnejad Khanouki, M.M., Shafigh, P. and Sinaei, H. (2011), "Assessing the strength of reinforced concrete structures through Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity and Schmidt Rebound Hammer tests", Scientif. Res. Essay., 6(1), 213-220.
  100. Shariati, M., Ramli Sulong, N.H., Shariati, A. and Khanouki, M.A. (2015), "Behavior of V-shaped angle shear connectors: experimental and parametric study", Mater. Struct., 49(9), 3909-3926.
  101. Shariati, M., Ramli Sulong, N.H., Shariati, A. and Kueh, A.B.H. (2016), "Comparative performance of channel and angle shear connectors in high strength concrete composites: An experimental study", Constr. Build. Mater., 120, 382-392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.102
  102. Shariati, M., Ramli Sulong, N.H., Sinaei, H., Arabnejad Khanouki, M.M. and Shafigh, P. (2011), "Behavior of channel shear connectors in normal and light weight aggregate concrete (Experimental and analytical study)", Adv. Mater. Res., 168, 2303-2307.
  103. Shariati, M., Ramli Sulong, N.H., Suhatril, M., Shariati, A., Arabnejad Khanouki, M.M. and Sinaei, H. (2013), "Comparison of behaviour between channel and angle shear connectors under monotonic and fully reversed cyclic loading", Constr. Build. Mater., 38, 582-593. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.07.050
  104. Shariati, M., Shariati, A., Sulong, N.R., Suhatril, M. and Khanouki, M.A. (2014), "Fatigue energy dissipation and failure analysis of angle shear connectors embedded in high strength concrete", Eng. Fail. Anal., 41, 124-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfailanal.2014.02.017
  105. Shariati, M., Sulong, N.R., Kh, M.A. and Mahoutian, M. (2011), "Shear resistance of channel shear connectors in plain, reinforced and lightweight concrete", Scientif. Res. Essay., 6(4), 977-983.
  106. Shariati, M., Sulong, N.R., Shariati, A. and Khanouki, M.A. (2016), "Behavior of V-shaped angle shear connectors: experimental and parametric study", Mater. Struct., 49(9), 3909-3926. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-015-0762-8
  107. Shariati, M., Sulong, N.R., Shariati, A. and Kueh, A. (2016), "Comparative performance of channel and angle shear connectors in high strength concrete composites: An experimental study", Constr. Build. Mater., 120, 382-392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.102
  108. Shariati, M., Sulong, N.R., Suhatril, M., Shariati, A., Khanouki, M.A. and Sinaei, H. (2012), "Behaviour of C-shaped angle shear connectors under monotonic and fully reversed cyclic loading: An experimental study", Mater. Des., 41, 67-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.04.039
  109. Shariati, M., Tahir, M.M., Wee, T.C., Shah, S.N.R., Jalali, A., Abdullahi, M.A.M. and Khorami, M. (2018), "Experimental investigations on monotonic and cyclic behavior of steel pallet rack connections", Eng. Fail. Anal., 85, 149-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfailanal.2017.08.014
  110. Shariati, M., Toghroli, A., Jalali, A. and Ibrahim, Z. (2017), "Assessment of stiffened angle shear connector under monotonic and fully reversed cyclic loading", Fifth International Conference on Advances in Civil, Structural and Mechanical Engineering-CSM 2017.
  111. Shariati, M., Trung, N.T., Wakil, K., Mehrabi, P., Safa, M. and Khorami, M. (2019), "Moment-rotation estimation of steel rack connection using extreme learning machine", Steel Compos. Stuct., 31(5), 427-435.
  112. Shi, X., Hassanzadeh-Aghdam, M.K. and Ansari, R. (2019), "Viscoelastic analysis of silica nanoparticle-polymer nanocomposites", Compos. Part B: Eng., 158, 169-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.09.084
  113. Shi, X., Jaryani, P., Amiri, A., Rahimi, A. and Malekshah, E.H. (2019), "Heat transfer and nanofluid flow of free convection in a quarter cylinder channel considering nanoparticle shape effect", Powder Technol., 346, 160-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2018.12.071
  114. Shi, Y.X., Matsui, I. and Guo, Y.J. (2004), "A study on the effect of fine mineral powders with distinct vitreous contents on the fluidity and rheological properties of concrete", Cement Concrete Res., 34(8), 1381-1387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2003.12.031
  115. Sinaei, H., Jumaat, M.Z. and Shariati, M. (2011), "Numerical investigation on exterior reinforced concrete Beam-Column joint strengthened by composite fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP)", Int. J. Phys. Sci., 6(28), 6572-6579.
  116. Sinaei, H., Shariati, M., Abna, A., Aghaei, M. and Shariati, A. (2012), "Evaluation of reinforced concrete beam behaviour using finite element analysis by ABAQUS", Scientif. Res. Essay., 7(21), 2002-2009.
  117. Tahmasbi, F., Maleki, S., Shariati, M., Ramli Sulong, N.H. and Tahir, M.M. (2016), "Shear capacity of C-shaped and L-shaped angle shear connectors", PLoS One, 11(8), e0156989. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156989
  118. Toghroli, A. (2015), "Applications of the ANFIS and LR models in the prediction of shear connection in composite beams", Jabatan Kejuruteraan Awam, Fakulti Kejuruteraan, Universiti Malaya.
  119. Toghroli, A., Darvishmoghaddam, E., Zandi, Y., Parvan, M., Safa, M., Abdullahi, M., Heydari, A., Wakil, K., Gebreel, S. A. and Khorami, M. (2018), "Evaluation of the parameters affecting the Schmidt rebound hammer reading using ANFIS method", Comput. Concrete, 21(5), 525-530.
  120. Toghroli, A., Mohammadhassani, M., Suhatril, M., Shariati, M. and Ibrahim, Z. (2014), "Prediction of shear capacity of channel shear connectors using the ANFIS model", Steel Compos. Struct., 17(5), 623-639. https://doi.org/10.12989/scs.2014.17.5.623
  121. Toghroli, A., Shariati, M., Karim, M.R. and Ibrahim, Z. (2017), "Investigation on composite polymer and silica fume-rubber aggregate pervious concrete", Fifth International Conference on Advances in Civil, Structural and Mechanical Engineering - CSM 2017, Zurich, Switzerland.
  122. Toghroli, A., Shariati, M., Sajedi, F., Ibrahim, Z., Koting, S., Mohamad, E.T. and Khorami, M. (2018), "A review on pavement porous concrete using recycled waste materials", Smart Struct. Syst., 22(4), 433-440.
  123. Toghroli, A., Suhatril, M., Ibrahim, Z., Safa, M., Shariati, M. and Shamshirband, S. (2018), "Potential of soft computing approach for evaluating the factors affecting the capacity of steel-concrete composite beam", J. Intel. Manuf., 29(8), 1793-1801. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10845-016-1217-y
  124. Trung, N.T., Shahgoli, A.F., Zandi, Y., Shariati, M., Wakil, K., Safa, M. and Khorami, M. (2019), "Moment-rotation prediction of precast beam-to-column connections using extreme learning machine", Struct. Eng. Mech., 70(5), 639-647.
  125. Vali, R., Mehrinejad Khotbehsara, E., Saberian, M., Li, J., Mehrinejad, M. and Jahandari, S. (2019), "A three-dimensional numerical comparison of bearing capacity and settlement of tapered and under-reamed piles", Int. J. Geotech. Eng., 13(3), 236-248. https://doi.org/10.1080/19386362.2017.1336586
  126. Vo-Van, T., Nguyen-Thoi, T., Vo-Duy, T., Ho-Huu, V. and Nguyen-Trang, T. (2017), "Modified genetic algorithm-based clustering for probability density functions", J. Stat. Comput. Simul., 87(10), 1964-1979. https://doi.org/10.1080/00949655.2017.1300663
  127. Wei, X., Shariati, M., Zandi, Y., Pei, S., Jin, Z., Gharachurlu, S., Abdullahi, M., Tahir, M. and Khorami, M. (2018), "Distribution of shear force in perforated shear connectors", Steel Compos. Struct., 27(3), 389-399.
  128. Xie, Q., Sinaei, H., Shariati, M., Khorami, M., Mohamad, E.T. and Bui, D.T. (2019), "An experimental study on the effect of CFRP on behavior of reinforce concrete beam column connections", Steel Compos. Struct., 30(5), 433-441.
  129. Xu, C., Zhang, X., Haido, J.H., Mehrabi, P., Shariati, A., Mohamad, E.T., ... & Wakil, K. (2019), "Using genetic algorithms method for the paramount design of reinforced concrete structures", Struct. Eng. Mech., 71(5), 503-513.
  130. Young, J.F., Mindess, S. and Darwin, D. (2002), Concrete, Prentice Hall.
  131. Zandi, Y., Shariati, M., Marto, A., Wei, X., Karaca, Z., Dao, D., Toghroli, A., Hashemi, M.H., Sedghi, Y. and Wakil, K. (2018), "Computational investigation of the comparative analysis of cylindrical barns subjected to earthquake", Steel Compos. Struct., 28(4), 439-447.
  132. Zhao, J.M., Chen, Z.G., Mehrmashhadi, J. and Bobaru, F. (2018), "Construction of a peridynamic model for transient advection-diffusion problems", Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 126, 1253-1266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2018.06.075
  133. Ziaei-Nia, A., Shariati, M. and Salehabadi, E. (2018), "Dynamic mix design optimization of high-performance concrete", Steel Compos. Struct., 29(1), 67-75.