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Research on the Variable Rate Spraying System Based on Canopy Volume Measurement

  • Hu, Kaiqun (College of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing Technology and Business University) ;
  • Feng, Xin (College of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing Technology and Business University)
  • Received : 2018.01.17
  • Accepted : 2018.12.25
  • Published : 2019.10.31

Abstract

Characteristics of fruit tree canopies are important target information for adjusting the pesticide application rate in variable rate spraying in orchards. Therefore, the target detection of the canopy characteristics is very important. In this study, a canopy volume measurement method for peach trees was presented and a variable rate spraying system based on canopy volume measurement was developed using the ultrasonic sensing, one of the most effective target detection method. Ten ultrasonic sensors and two flow control units were mounted on the orchard air-assisted sprayer. The ultrasonic sensors were used to detect the canopy diameters and the flow controls were used to modify the flow rate of the nozzles in real time. Two treatments were established: a constant application rate of $300Lha^{-1}$ was set as the control treatment for the comparison with the variable rate application at a $0.095Lm^{-3}$ canopy. The tracer deposition at different parts of peach trees and the tracer losses to the ground (between rows and within rows) were analyzed in detail under constant rate and variable rate application. The results showed that there were no significant differences between two treatments in the liquid distribution and the capability to reach the inner parts of the crop canopies.

Keywords

Canopy Volume Measurement;Tracer Deposition Device;Ultrasonic Sensor;Variable Rate Spraying System

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Chongqing Education Commission of China, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing Nature Science Foundation

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