Preparation of PEBAX-5513/Ag Nanoparticles/7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane Composites for Olefin Separation and Analysis of Anions

올레핀 분리용 PEBAX-5513/Ag Nanoparticles/7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane 복합체 제조 및 음이온 효과 분석

  • Received : 2019.10.16
  • Accepted : 2019.10.25
  • Published : 2019.10.31


Facilitated transport membranes using silver nanoparticles as carriers for olefin/paraffin separation have been interested. $AgBF_4$ has been used as a precursor of silver nanoparticles in previous studies. However, relatively expensive $AgBF_4$ is not suitable for commercialization, and thus, PEBAX-5513/AgNPs (precursor: $AgClO_4$)/7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) composite membranes were prepared using silver nanopaticles with relatively inexpensive $AgClO_4$ precursors. Composite membranes of various compositions were prepared for PEBAX-5513/AgNPs/TCNQ composites, but no separation performance was observed. As a result of FT-IR analysis, it was confirmed that silver nanoparticles were formed in the PEBAX-5513 polymer and the surface of Ag nanoparticles was polarized by TCNQ, but the formed silver nanoparticles were not stabilized. From these results, it was concluded that the anion of the precursor plays an important role in the olefin/paraffin separation.

올레핀/파라핀 분리를 위해 silver nanoparticle을 운반체로 이용하는 촉진수송막이 최근 많은 관심을 받고 있다. 기존 연구에서는 silver nanoparticle의 전구체로서 $AgBF_4$가 사용되어 왔다. 하지만 상대적으로 고가에 속하는 $AgBF_4$는 상업화에 적합하지 않기 때문에 비교적 저렴한 $AgClO_4$를 전구체로 이용해 제조된 silver nanopaticle를 활용해서 PEBAX-5513/AgNPs(전구체: $AgClO_4$)/7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) 복합막이 제조되었다. 그러나 여러 조성의 복합막이 제조되었으나 올레핀 분리성능은 관찰되지 않았다. FT-IR 분석 결과는 PEBAX-5513 고분자 내에서 silver nanoparticle이 형성되고 TCNQ에 의해 표면이 양극성화 되는 것을 확인하였지만 형성된 silver nanoparticle이 안정화 되지 못한 것으로 분석되었다. 이러한 결과들을 통해 은염 전구체의 음이온이 올레핀/파라핀 분리막에서 중요한 역할을 하는 것으로 판단되었다.


Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)


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