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Assessment of Dietary Education Program for Children from Low-Income Families in Korea

취약계층 아동 대상 식생활 교육의 효과성 평가

  • Kwon, Sooyoun (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Shingu University) ;
  • Kim, Oksun (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Jangan University)
  • 권수연 (신구대학교 식품영양과) ;
  • 김옥선 (장안대학교 식품영양과)
  • Received : 2019.09.11
  • Accepted : 2019.10.14
  • Published : 2019.10.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a dietary education program, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the education program for children from low-income families. A total of 242 children (122 education groups and 120 control groups) were run six times a dietary education program from April to December 2018, and a questionnaire was administered before and after the education to evaluate effectiveness. Elementary school students were the most prevalent in the education and the control group. In the education group, the body height and weigh were 137.27 cm and 33.69 kg, respectively, and in the control group the body height and weight were 143.48 cm and 40.64 kg, respectively. The education group showed positive change in dietary self-efficacy and dietary knowledge compared to the control group. In particular, 'I can have meals regularly' (Education Group: 4.00 points from 3.71 points) and 'I can choose fruits instead of cookies candies as snacks (Education Group: 4.01 points from 3.70 points) The score increased after participation in the program. In the change of nutritional and hygiene knowledge of children, the education group scored 3.63 of 10 points before education, but the score significantly increased to 5.70 points after education(p<0.001).

Keywords

dietary education;children from low-income families;dietary self-efficacy

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 행복나눔재단

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