A Study on Milk Intake Patterns and Dietary Habits among University Students in Chungbuk

충북 지역 일부 대학생의 우유 섭취와 식습관 실태

  • Lee, Kyung-Haeng (Major in Food and Nutrition, Korea National University of Transportation) ;
  • Bak, Hye-Rin (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Korea National University of Transportation) ;
  • Bae, Yun-Jung (Major in Food and Nutrition, Korea National University of Transportation)
  • 이경행 (한국교통대학교 식품영양학전공) ;
  • 박혜린 (한국교통대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 배윤정 (한국교통대학교 식품영양학전공)
  • Received : 2019.08.20
  • Accepted : 2019.10.10
  • Published : 2019.10.31


The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to milk consumption in university students. A questionnaire, comprised of general questions and factors related to milk consumption, was administered to 269 male and female university students (134 males, 135 females). The results show that the proportion of males reporting that they drink milk because "for good nutrition" was higher than that of females (p=0.0200). Additionally, males initiated more effort to drink milk than females (p=0.0192). Analysis of the groups classified according to milk consumption shows that the proportion of respondents exercising regularly was significantly high in the milk consumption group (p=0.0199). The proportion of respondents often consuming carbonated drinks as snacks was significantly low in the milk consumption group (p=0.0219). Whereas, the proportion of respondents consuming fruits as their main snack was significantly higher in the milk consumption group than in the non-milk consumption group (p=0.0063). Also, the milk consumption group shows significantly higher awareness of the importance of milk than the non-milk consumption group (p<0.0001). These results can be used as a valid foundation to provide university students with nutritional education relative to milk consumption and its associated benefits in the future.


milk consumption;dietary habits;beverages;university students


Supported by : 한국교통대학교


  1. Choi BB. 2016. Recognition and consumption of meal alone and processed food according to major of college students. Korean J Food Nutr 29:911-922
  2. Han JM, Min SH, Lee MJ. 2016. Study on nutrition knowledge, perception, and intake frequency of milk and milk products among middle school students in Chuncheon area. J Korean Soc Food Cult 31:205-212
  3. Jang BM, Lee JH. 2019. Intake status and perception of coffee by university students in some areas of Jeonbuk region. Korean J Food Nutr 32:122-132
  4. Jang HB, Lee HY, Han YH, Song J, Kim KN, Hyun T. 2011. Changes in food and nutrient intakes of college students between 1999 and 2009. Korean J Community Nutr 16:324-336
  5. Jeon HC, Lee KH, Han HJ, Yun M, Kim DH, Lee JH, Shin BW. 2013. Survey of calcium, fat and lactose contents in processed milks. Korean J Vet Serv 36:217-222
  6. Jung IK, Lee L. 2002. A study on consumption behavior of milk and dairy products in college students. Korean J Food Cult 17:551-559
  7. Kim H, Kim M. 2015a. Intake behavior regarding beverages according to dietary lifestyles of university students. J East Asian Soc Diet Life 25:223-233
  8. Kim H, Kim M. 2018. A study on the intake status of energy drinks and related factors of university students in Yeungnam region. Korean J Food Nutr 31:160-172
  9. Kim JH, Kyung MS, Min SH, Lee MH. 2018a. Milk intake patterns with lactose and milk fat in Korean male adults. Korean J Community Nutr 23:488-495
  10. Kim SH. 2017. Coffee consumption behaviors, dietary habits, and dietary nutrient intakes according to coffee intake amount among university students. J Nutr Health 50:270-283
  11. Kim SJ, Bu SY, Choi MK. 2015. Preference and the frequency of processed food intake according to the type of residence of college students in Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 20:188-196
  12. Kim TY, Kim SM, Kim JY, Im JY, Yu H, Han YH, Hyun T. 2018b. Awareness and consumption of energy drinks and associated factors among college students in Cheongju. Korean J Community Nutr 23:60-72
  13. Kim YS, Kim BR. 2015b. Nutrient intake status of male and female university students in Chuncheon area. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 44:1856-1864
  14. Kwon S, Lee JS. 2017. Study on relationship between milk intake and prevalence rates of chronic diseases in adults based on 5th and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. J Nutr Health 50:158-170
  15. Lee JS, Yu CH, Chung CE. 2006. Relation between milk consumption and bone mineral density of female college students in Korea. Korean J Nutr 39:451-459
  16. Lee M, Lee H, Kim J. 2018. Dairy food consumption is associated with a lower risk of the metabolic syndrome and its components: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Nutr 120:373-384
  17. Lee RZ, Kim JH. 2019. Analysis of dietary behaviors, food consumption frequency and blood clinical indices by residence types of female college students in Seoul. Korean J Community Nutr 24:183-196
  18. Ministry of Health and Welfare & Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2018. Korea Health Statistics 2017: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VII-2). pp.102-119. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  19. Ministry of Health and Welfare & The Korean Nutrition Society. 2015. Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans 2015. Ministry of Health and Welfare/The Korean Nutrition Society
  20. Moon HC, Choi DH, Lee TY, Kim TY, An YI, Park SJ, Jung MC. 2017. Association of metabolic syndrome with whole milk and low fat milk: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2015. Korean J Health Promot 17:234-241
  21. Nam ES, Kim HJ, Park SI. 2011. Survey of middle school students' intake of milk and satisfaction with school milk program. Korean J Food Nutr 24:17-27
  22. Pae M. 2016. Dietary habits and perception toward food additives according to the frequency of consumption of convenience food at convenience stores among university students in Cheongju. Korean J Community Nutr 21:140-151
  23. Park ES. 2013. A study of the body weight perception, living habits and food intake frequency by residence type in female college students of Chenbuk area. Korean J Hum Ecol 22:215-230
  24. Patel AI, Moghadam SD, Freedman M, Hazari A, Fang ML, Allen IE. 2018. The association of flavored milk consumption with milk and energy intake, and obesity: A systematic review. Prev Med 111:151-162
  25. Satija A, Agrawal S, Bowen L, Khandpur N, Kinra S, Prabhakaran D, Reddy KS, Smith GD, Ebrahim S. 2013. Association between milk and milk product consumption and anthropometric measures in adult men and women in India: A cross-sectional study. PLoS One 8:e60739
  26. Shin S, Lee HW, Kim CE, Lim J, Lee JK, Kang D. 2017. Association between milk consumption and metabolic syndrome among Korean adults: Results from the Health Examinees Study. Nutrients 9:E1102
  27. Soedamah-Muthu SS, de Goede J. 2018. Dairy consumption and cardiometabolic diseases: Systematic review and updated meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies. Curr Nutr Rep 7:171-182
  28. Talaei M, Pan A, Yuan JM, Koh WP. 2017. Dairy food intake is inversely associated with risk of hypertension: The Singapore Chinese Health Study. J Nutr 147:235-241
  29. World Health Organization Western Pacific Region. 2000. The Asia-Pacific Perspective: ReDefining Obesity and Its Treatment. Health Communication Australia