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An Integrative Literature Review on Sexual Abuse Prevention Education Programs for Elementary School Students in South Korea

한국의 초등학생을 대상으로 한 성폭력 예방 교육 프로그램에 관한 통합적 고찰

  • Shin, Hyewon (School of Nursing, Clemson University) ;
  • Lee, Jung Min (Graduate School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro) ;
  • Kang, Kyung-Ah (College of Nursing, Sahmyook University) ;
  • Kim, Shin-Jeong (School of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Hallym University)
  • 신혜원 (클렘슨 간호대학교) ;
  • 이정민 (노스캐롤라이나 간호대학교) ;
  • 강경아 (삼육대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 김신정 (한림대학교 간호대학.간호학연구소)
  • Received : 2019.03.14
  • Accepted : 2019.04.18
  • Published : 2019.10.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review sexual abuse prevention education program for Korean elementary school students. Methods: Whittemore and Knafl's integrative review methods were used and Gough's weight of evidence was employed as a quality appraisal tool. Articles published in Korean or English were identified through electronic search engines and scholarly web sites using three keywords: "elementary school student", "sexual abuse", and "prevention education". Peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2018 were included in this review. Results: Twelve articles met the inclusion criteria and were appraised as being high-quality. Among the 12 selected studies, seven were descriptive, while five were intervention studies. Sexual abuse prevention education programs were effective in improving perceptions, knowledge, attitudes, and preventive behaviors among elementary school students. However, deficiencies were found in the variety of educational methods, utilization of experts, and standardization of the content of sexual abuse prevention education. Conclusion: We need to provide various educational methods that are appropriate for specific developmental stages, and the sexual abuse prevention content should draw upon the current sexual education program administered to this population. Furthermore, parents and trained teachers or school health teachers should be included to provide effective education programs for elementary students.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한림대학교

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