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The Relationship among Learning Motivation, Transfer Climate, Learning Self-efficacy, and Transfer Motivation in Nursing Students Received Simulation-based Education

시뮬레이션 교육을 받은 간호학생의 학습동기, 전이풍토, 학습자기효능감 및 전이동기의 관계

  • Received : 2019.07.11
  • Accepted : 2019.10.04
  • Published : 2019.10.31

Abstract

This descriptive research study was undertaken to identify the degree of learning motivation, transfer climate, learning self-efficacy, and transfer motivation, and to correlate the variables, in nursing students receiving simulation-based education. The subjects of this study were 4th grade nursing students who completed a simulation course at a nursing university; data collected using the self-report questionnaire were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 program. Our results indicate high values of learning motivation, transfer climate (including the lower variables supervisor's support, peer's support, and transfer opportunity), learning self-efficacy, and transfer motivation. Learning motivation, learning self-efficacy, and transfer motivation significantly differed with respect to social motivation for entering school (Z=6.04, p=0.049; Z=6.92, p=0.031; Z=9.16, p=0.010, respectively) and major satisfaction (Z=8.55, p=0.036; Z=12.55, p=0.006; Z=13.47, p=0.004, respectively). All these variables were positively correlated, especially transfer motivation with learning motivation, supervisor's support, peer's support, transfer opportunity, and learning self-efficacy. Taken together, the results of this study indicate a need to develop an effective simulation-based education program to encourage transfer motivation, as well as follow-up studies that verify the causal relationship between transfer motivation and related variables.

본 연구는 시뮬레이션 교육을 받은 일 대학 간호학생의 학습동기와 전이풍토, 학습자기효능감 및 전이동기의 정도와 변수들 간의 상관관계를 확인하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 연구대상은 일 간호대학에서 시뮬레이션 교과목을 이수한 4학년 학생이며, 자기보고식 설문지를 이용해 자료를 수집하였고, 수집된 자료는 SPSS 21.0 program을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구 결과, 간호학생의 학습동기, 전이퐁토의 하위변인인 상사의 지지와 동료의 지지 및 전이기회, 그리고 학습자기효능감과 전이동기는 높은 수준인 것으로 나타났으며, 대상자의 학습동기, 학습자기효능감 및 전이동기는 모두 각각 사회적 입학동기(Z=6.04, p=.049; Z=6.92, p=.031; Z=9.16, p=.010)와 전공만족도(Z=8.55, p=.036; Z=12.55, p=.006; Z=13.47, p=.004)에 따라, 전이기회는 사회적 입학동기(Z=6.27, p=.043)에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었다. 이들 변수는 모두 서로 양의 상관관계를 보였으며, 특히 전이동기는 학습동기(r=.58, p=.002), 상사의 지지(r=.60, p=.004), 동료의 지지(r=.58, p<.001), 전이기회(r=.56, p=.002) 및 학습자기효능감(r=.79, p=.002)과 상관관계가 있었다. 본 연구결과를 토대로 전이동기와 관련된 변인 간의 구조적 인과관계를 파악하는 후속 연구 및 전이동기를 북돋기 위한 효과적인 시뮬레이션 교육 프로그램 개발이 필요하다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 초당대학교

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