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A Comparative Analysis of the Accuracy of Areal Precipitation According to the Rainfall Analysis Method of Mountainous Streams

  • Kang, Bo-Seong (Department of Civil Engineering, Jeju National University) ;
  • Yang, Sung-Kee (Department of Civil Engineering, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kang, Myung-Soo (Department of Civil Engineering, Jeju National University)
  • Received : 2019.09.26
  • Accepted : 2019.10.24
  • Published : 2019.10.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the method of estimating the areal precipitation reflecting the altitude of the mountainous terrain on Jeju Island by comparing and analyzing the areal precipitation using the Thiessen polygon method and the isohyetal method in mountainous streams. In terms of constructing the Thiessen polygon network, rainfall errors occurred in 94.5% and 45.8% of the Thiessen area ratio of the Jeju and Ara stations, respectively. This resulted in large areal precipitation and errors using the isohyetal method at altitudes below 600 m in the target watershed. In contrast, there were small errors in the highlands. Rainfall errors occurred in 18.91% of the Thiessen area ratio of Eorimok, 2.41% of Witseoreum, and 2.84% of Azalea Field because of the altitudinal influence of stations located in the highlands at altitudes above 600 m. Based on the areal precipitation estimation using the Thiessen polygon method, it was considered to be partially applicable to streams on Jeju Island depending on the altitude. However, the method is not suitable for mountainous streams such as the streams on Jeju Island because errors occur with altitude. Therefore, the isohyetal method is considered to be more suitable as it considers the locations of the rainfall stations and the orographic effect and because there are no errors with altitude.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government

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