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Experimental and microstructural evaluation on mechanical properties of sisal fibre reinforced bio-composites

  • Kumar, B. Ravi (School of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA Deemed University) ;
  • Hariharan, S.S. (School of Mechanical Engineering, SASTRA Deemed University)
  • Received : 2019.05.18
  • Accepted : 2019.10.06
  • Published : 2019.10.25

Abstract

The natural fibre composites are termed as bio-composites. They have shown a promising replacement to the current carbon/glass fibre reinforced composites as environmental friendly materials in specific applications. Natural fibre reinforced composites are potential materials for various engineering applications in automobile, railways, building and Aerospace industry. The natural fibre selected to fabricate the composite material is plant-based fibre e.g., sisal fibre. Sisal fibre is a suitable reinforcement for use in composites on account of its low density, high specific strength, and high hardness. Epoxy is a thermosetting polymer which is used as a resin in natural fibre reinforced composites. Hand lay-up technique was used to fabricate the composites by reinforcing sisal fibres into the epoxy matrix. Composites were prepared with the unidirectional alignment of sisal fibres. Test specimens with different fibre orientations were prepared. The fabricated composites were tested for mechanical properties. Impact test, tensile test, flexural test, hardness test, compression test, and thermal test of composites had been conducted to assess its suitability in industrial applications. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) test revealed the microstructural information of the fractured surface of composites.

Keywords

sisal fibre;bio-composites;epoxy;flexural;tensile;matrix;SEM