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INVESTIGATING THE PULSAR WIND NEBULA 3C 58 USING EMISSION MODELS

  • Kim, Seungjong (Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Jaegeun (Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • An, Hongjun (Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungbuk National University)
  • Received : 2019.04.10
  • Accepted : 2019.07.25
  • Published : 2019.10.31

Abstract

We present IR flux density measurements, models of the broadband SED, and results of SED modeling for the Pulsar Wind Nebula (PWN) 3C 58. We find that the Herschel flux density seems to be slightly lower than suggested by interpolation of previous measurements in nearby wavebands, implying that there may be multiple electron populations in 3C 58. We model the SED using a simple stationary one-zone and a more realistic time-evolving multi-zone scenario. The latter includes variations of flow properties in the PWN (injected energy, magnetic field, and bulk speed), radiative energy losses, adiabatic expansion, and diffusion, similar to previous PWN models. From the modeling, we find that a PWN age of 2900-5400 yrs is preferred and that there may be excess emission at ${\sim}10^{11}Hz$. The latter may imply multiple populations of electrons in the PWN.

Keywords

pulsars: general;ISM: individual objects: 3C 58;radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)