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Study on Consumer Exposure to Sun Spray and Sun Cream in South Korea

  • Oh, Mihyun (Safety & Regulatory Research Division, AmorePacific Corporation R&D Center) ;
  • Kim, Seoyoung (Safety & Regulatory Research Division, AmorePacific Corporation R&D Center) ;
  • Han, Jieun (Safety & Regulatory Research Division, AmorePacific Corporation R&D Center) ;
  • Park, Sodam (Safety & Regulatory Research Division, AmorePacific Corporation R&D Center) ;
  • Kim, Go Un (Safety & Regulatory Research Division, AmorePacific Corporation R&D Center) ;
  • An, Susun (Safety & Regulatory Research Division, AmorePacific Corporation R&D Center)
  • Received : 2018.12.03
  • Accepted : 2019.04.25
  • Published : 2019.10.15

Abstract

When conducting risk assessments of cosmetic ingredients, it is important that reliable exposure information is obtained for cosmetic products. As cosmetics are becoming more diverse, continuous effort must be made to obtain exposure data that reflect their growth and usage trends. The usage pattern of cosmetics, such as the application area and amount used, may differ by product type and also by country. We conducted a survey to compare the amount of sun spray and sun cream used in a usage environment in South Korea. The study was conducted on Haeundae Beach, one of the most popular beaches in South Korea. A total of 1,255 beachgoers participated in this study; 604 and 651 participants used the sun spray and sun cream, respectively, while sunbathing and enjoying water activities on the beach for one day. Exposure was analyzed following a probabilistic method. On comparing all subjects, it was found that the group that used sun spray (mean: 44.52 g/day) used significantly more product (p = 0.000) than those who used sun cream (mean: 20.51 g/day). By analyzing the daily exposure of sun spray and sun cream per unit body weight according to age and gender, the exposure amount of sun spray and sun cream was found to be highest among 2~9 year-old girls (mean for sun spray: 2.51 g/kg/day, p95: 5.50 g/kg/day, mean for sun cream: 0.79 g/kg/day, p95: 1.79 g/kg/day). The amount of sun spray used is approximately twice that of sun cream. Among both the sun spray and sun cream groups, the exposure amount per unit body weight was highest in girls younger than 10. These factors should be considered when conducting risk assessments of sun spray and sun cream.

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