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Consistency issues in quantitative safety goals of nuclear power plants in Korea

  • Kim, Ji Suk (Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kim, Man Cheol (Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Chung-Ang University)
  • Received : 2018.12.12
  • Accepted : 2019.05.21
  • Published : 2019.10.25

Abstract

As the safety level of nuclear power plants (NPPs) relates to the safety of individuals, society, and the environment, it is important to establish NPP safety goals. In Korea, two quantitative health objectives and one large release frequency (LRF) criterion were formally set as quantitative safety goals for NPPs by the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission in 2016. The risks of prompt and cancer fatalities from NPPs should be less than 0.1% of the overall risk, and the frequency of nuclear accidents releasing more than 100 TBq of Cs-137 should not exceed 1E-06 per reactor year. This paper reviews the hierarchical structure of safety goals in Korea, its relationship with those of other countries, and the relationships among safety goals and subsidiary criteria like core damage frequency and large early release frequency. By analyzing the effect of the release of 100 TBq of Cs-137 via consequence analysis codes in eight different accident scenarios, it was shown that meeting the LRF criterion results in negligible prompt fatalities in the surrounding area. Hence, the LRF criterion dominates the safety goals for Korean NPPs. Safety goals must be consistent with national policy, international standards, and the goals of other counties.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Chung-Ang University, Korea Foundation of Nuclear Safety (KOFONS), National Research Foundation of Korea

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