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Combating Identity Threat of Machine: The effect of group-affirmation on humans' intellectual performance loss

기계의 정체성 위협에 대항하기: 집단 가치 확인이 인간의 지적 수행 저하에 미치는 효과

  • Cha, Young-Jae (Interdisciplinary Program in Cognitive Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Baek, Sojung (Interdisciplinary Program in Cognitive Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Hyung-Suk (Program in History and Philosophy of Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Bae, Jonghoon (Graduate School of Business, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Jongho (Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Hun (Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Gunhee (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jang, Dayk (College of Liberal Studies, Seoul National University)
  • 차영재 (서울대학교 인지과학 협동과정) ;
  • 백소정 (서울대학교 인지과학 협동과정) ;
  • 이형석 (서울대학교 과학사 및 과학철학 협동과정) ;
  • 배종훈 (서울대학교 경영전문대학원) ;
  • 이종호 (서울대학교 전기.정보공학부) ;
  • 이상훈 (서울대학교 뇌인지과학과) ;
  • 김건희 (서울대학교 컴퓨터공학부) ;
  • 장대익 (서울대학교 자유전공학부)
  • Received : 2019.10.04
  • Accepted : 2019.10.04
  • Published : 2019.09.30

Abstract

Motivation of human individuals to perform on intellectual tasks can be hampered by identity threat from intellectual machines. A laboratory experiment examined whether individuals' performance loss on intellectual tasks appears under human identity threat. Additionally, by affirming alternative attributes of human identity, researchers checked whether group-affirmation alleviate the performance loss on intellectual tasks. This research predicted that under high social identity threat, individuals' performance loss on the intellectual tasks would be moderated by valuing alternative attributes of human identity. Experiment shows that when social identity threat is increased, human individuals affirmed alternative human attributes show higher performance on intellectual tasks than individuals non-affirmed. This effect of human-group level affirmation on performance loss did not appear in the condition of low social identity threat. Theoretical and practical implications were discussed.

Keywords

Social Identity;Identity Threat;Performance Loss;Human-Machine Competition;Group Affirmation;Intergroup Relations

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Seoul National University

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