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유산균의 증식과 항균 활성에 관한 탈지유 및 두유의 영향

Influence of soymilk and skim milk on growth and antibacterial activity of lactic acid bacteria

  • Lim, Eun-Seo (Department of Food Science & Nutrition, Tongmyong University)
  • 투고 : 2019.06.19
  • 심사 : 2019.07.10
  • 발행 : 2019.09.30

초록

본 연구의 목적은 탈지유와 두유 내에서 Enterobacter aerogenes CIH05의 증식과 바이오제닉 아민(biogenic amines, BA) 생성량에 대한 유산균의 영향을 조사하는 것이다. 갓김치로부터 분리된 Lactobacillus acidophilus GK20, Lactobacillus paracasei GK74 및 Lactobacillus planatrum GK81은 탈카르복시화 배지 상에서 BA를 생성하지 않았다. 탈지유와 두유 내에서 L. paracasei GK74에 의해 가장 많은 생균수와 항균 물질 생성량이 측정되었고, 반면 L. plantarum GK81은 다른 균주들에 비해 유의하게 낮은 균수와 항균 물질을 생산하였다. 유산, 과산화수소 및 박테리오신의 생산량은 Lactobacillus의 균종과 배지 종류에 의존하였다. 유산균과 유사하게 E. aerogenes CIH05도 단독 배양 시 두유보다 탈지유에서 더 많은 균수가 측정되었다. 탈지유와 두유 내에서 L. acidophilus GK20이나 L. paracasei GK74와 혼합 배양하거나 박테리오신 용액(300 AU/ml)을 처리했을 때 E. aerogenes CIH05의 균수가 유의하게 감소되었고 히스타민과 카다베린의 생성도 효과적으로 억제되었다.

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