DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

In vivo nutritive value of rice feed for sheep and its application for cattle feed

  • Kim, Ji Yung (Department of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Bae Hun (Department of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Chemere, Befekadu (Department of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Min, Doo Hong (Department of Agronomy, Kansas State University) ;
  • Kim, Byong Wan (Department of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Sung, Kyung Il (Department of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2019.03.23
  • Accepted : 2019.08.05
  • Published : 2019.09.30

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutritive value of polished rice (PR) vs unpolished rice (UPR) as a potential feedstuff for sheep in order to use as a replacer to corn in sheep diet, and as well as to present the application in the formulation of cattle diet. Six corriedale ewe were randomly assigned to each treatment. UPR and PR were provided as a dietary treatment together with timothy grass as a basal diet in a crossover design for two period with 15-d duration for each period. The ratio of experimental and basal feeds were 33.3% and 66.7%, respectively. The differences in the total digestible nutrient (TDN) contents between sheep and cattle was determined according to the references. The number of data collected sheep and cattle was 9 and 17, respectively. The PR showed higher nutrients digestibility than UPR. Similarly, higher TDN content was observed PR than UPR (p < 0.05). As a result, the replacement of corn in the formulate feed with UPR and PR feed rice could be possible with the ratio of 91.2% and 100.0%, respectively. The result of comparation the TDN contents of UPR and PR in sheep and cattle, the PR has no difference in the nutritive value which suggests the applicability of the results of sheep to cattle. On the other hand, UPR has known to have different nutritive value between sheep and cattle, so caution should be taken when preparing formula feeds for cattle.

Keywords

Rice feed;Unpolished rice;Polished rice;Sheep;Cattle;Total digestible nutrient

References

  1. KREI [Korea Rural Economic Institute]. Agricultural outlook 2018 -II-. Naju: Korea Rural Economic Institute; 2018. p.401-21.
  2. KREI [Korea Rural Economic Institute]. Rice supply imbalance, how to resolve it? - Way to reduce rice production. Naju: Korea Rural Economic Institute; 2016, November. Policy Forum Conducted at the Meeting of Seoul LWconvetion.
  3. MAFRA [Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs]. Measure rice supply and demand long-term stability. Sejong: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs; 2015.http://www.mafra.go.kr/bbs/mafra/68/227431/download.do. Accessed 1 Sept 2016.
  4. MAFRA [Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs]. MAFRA, Expand to 520,000 tons of rice for feed in 2017. Sejong: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs; 2016. http://www.mafra.go.kr/bbs/mafra/68/228480/download.do. Accessed 16 Jan 2019.
  5. MAFRA [Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs]. Measures to stabilize the supply and demand of rice during the harvest season of 2017. Sejong: Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs; 2017. http://www.mafra.go.kr/bbs/mafra/68/229184/download.do. Accessed 16 Jan 2019.
  6. Ki KS, Park SB, Lim DH, Seo S. Evaluation of the nutritional value of locally produced forages in Korea using chemical analysis and in vitro ruminal fermentation. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 2017;30:355-62.
  7. NARO [National Agriculture and Food Research Organization]. Manual of forage rice production and utilization. Tsukuba: National Agriculture and Food Research Organization; 2015. p.122-7, 213-6.
  8. Lee SM, Kang TW, Lee SJ, Ok JU, Moon YH, Lee SS. Studies on in situ and in vitro degradability, microbial growth and gas production of rice, barely and corn. J Anim Sci Technol. 2006;48;699-708. https://doi.org/10.5187/JAST.2006.48.5.699
  9. Oh YK, Kim KH, Choi CW, Kang SW, Chung IB, Nho WG. Evaluation of feeding value of brown rice on Korean native beef steers (Hanwoo). J Anim Sci Technol. 2006;48;393-400. https://doi.org/10.5187/JAST.2006.48.3.393
  10. McDonald P, Edwards RA, Greenhalgh JFD, Morgan CA, Sinclair LA, et al. Animal nutrition. 7th ed. Harlow: Pearson; 2010. p.237-53, 541-62.
  11. Cannas A, Tedeschi L, Atzori AS, Fox DG. Prediction of energy requirements for growing sheep with the cornell net carbohydrate and protein system. In: Dijkstra J, editor. Modeling nutrient utilization in farm animals. Cambridge, MA:CABI Publishing; 2006. p.99-113.
  12. Jayanegara A, Ridle M, Nahrowim, Laconi EB. Estimation and validation of total digestible nutrient values of forage and concentrate feedstuffs. IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng. 2019;546:042016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/546/4/042016
  13. NRC [National Research Council]. Nutrient requirements of sheep sixth revised edition. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1985. p.64.
  14. AOAC [Association of Official Analytical Chemists]. Official methods of analysis. 15th ed. Washington, DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists; 1990.
  15. Goering HK, Van Soest PJ. Forage fiber analysis (apparatus reagents, procedures and some applications). Washington, DC: Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture; 1979. Agriculture Handbook No. 379.
  16. NRC [National Research Council]. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 6th rev. ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1989. p.9, 104.
  17. Han, IK. Animal feed science. Seoul: Seonjinmunhwasa; 1995. p.345.
  18. Korea Feed Information Center. Korean tables of feed composition. Seoul: Seoul National University/Korea Feed Information Center; 1982. p.272.
  19. NRC [National Research Council]. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1966. p.31.
  20. NRC [National Research Council]. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 5th rev. ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1978. p.46.
  21. NRC [National Research Council]. Nutrient requirements of sheep. 3rd rev. ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1964. p.64.
  22. NRC [National Research Council]. Nutrient requirements of sheep. 5th rev. ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1975. p.60.
  23. NRC [National Research Council]. Nutrient requirements of sheep. 6th rev. ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1985. p.64.
  24. NARO [National Agriculture and Food Research Organization]. Japanese feeding standard for dairy cattle. Tokyo: Japan Livestock Industry Association; 2006. p.192.
  25. Macgregor, CA. Directory of feeds and feed ingredients. 3rd ed. Fort Atkinson, WI: WD Hoard & Sons Company; 2000.
  26. SPSS. IBM SPSS statistics 22.0. Somers, NY: IBM Corp.; 2013.
  27. Charles AM. Directory of feeds & feed ingredients (Hoard's dairyman). 3rd ed. Fort Atkinson, WI: WD Hoard & Sons Company; 2000. p.63.
  28. Averts JV, De Boever JL, Cottyn BG, De Brabander DL. Comparative digestibility of feedstuffs by sheep and cows. Anim Feed Sci Techno. 1984;12:47-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(84)90035-X
  29. National Livestock Research Institute. Standard tables of feed composition in Korea. Suwon: Rural Development Administration; 2002. p.2-3, 62-63.
  30. Scheibler RB, Schafhauser J, Rizzo FA, Nornberg JL, Vargas DP, Silva JLS, et al. Replacement of corn grain by brown rice grain in dairy cow rations: nutritional and productive effects. Anim Feed Sci Techn. 2015;208:214-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2015.07.013