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Dental Implants in Patients with Gingival Oral Lichen Planus

Shim, YoungJoo

  • Received : 2019.08.20
  • Accepted : 2019.09.11
  • Published : 2019.09.30

Abstract

Purpose: With the popularity of implant therapy, clinicians need to know about treating the dental implant in patients with gingival involvement of oral lichen planus (OLP). The aim of this study is to evaluate the survival and success rates of dental implant and propose of clinical guidelines for implant treatment in OLP patient with gingival involvement. Methods: A literature search was performed in PubMed/Medline, and Cochrane database. Papers in English language published between 1990 and 2019 were evaluated. The focused questions were following; 1) Dose gingival OLP affect the survival and success rates of dental implants? 2) The management of OLP patients with gingival involvement receiving dental implant. Results: There was no study about the evaluation of dental implant only in gingival OLP patient. Five studies evaluating dental implants in OLP patients were included in this review. Implant survival rate was 100.0% in well-controlled OLP patients in all included studies. The use of topical/systemic corticosteroid in OLP patients was performed before and/or after implant placement in all included studies. Conclusions: The implant survival and success rates in well-controlled OLP patients did not different from that of non-OLP healthy subjects. The gingival OLP is associated with higher rate of peri-implant mucositis. Adequate management of gingival OLP lesions before and after implant insertion is required to reduce inflammation and associated bone loss.

Keywords

Dental implants;Gingiva;Oral lichen planus

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Wonkwang University