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투자자 보호제도가 은행들의 유동성위험에 영향을 미치는가?

Does Investor Protection Affect Bank Liquidity Risk?

  • 이치선 (숭실대학교 벤처중소기업학과) ;
  • 김정심 (상지대학교 경영학과)
  • 투고 : 2019.07.10
  • 심사 : 2019.08.26
  • 발행 : 2019.09.28

초록

2008년 글로벌 금융위기가 유동성위험에서 촉발되었으므로 금융위기 이후 유동성위험 관리방안에 대해 많은 연구들이 수행되었다. 그러나 투자자 보호 정도가 은행들의 유동성위험에 영향을 미치는지에 대해서는 전 세계적으로 아직 연구된 바가 없으므로 본 연구에서는 투자자 보호와 유동성위험과의 관계를 고찰하고 정책적 시사점을 도출하였다. 경제협력개발기구(OECD) 21개국 상업은행들을 대상으로 패널데이터를 구축하여 분석한 결과, 투자자에 대한 보호 수준이 높을수록 은행들의 유동성위험이 낮아짐을 발견하였다. 또한 투자자 보호의 이러한 긍정적 효과는 금융위기 기간 동안 더욱 강화되는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 금융위기 기간 동안 시행되는 강력한 경기부양책으로 인해 시장에 의한 규율이 약화된 상황에서 법적인 투자자 보호제도가 은행들의 건전성 제고에 기여할 수 있음을 시사한다.

키워드

금융기관;유동성위험;투자자 보호;금융위기;법과 금융

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