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이야기는 사회인지능력을 향상시키는가? 작업기억과 관점채택 능력과의 관계

Does Story Enhance Social Cognitive Ability? Associations between Working Memory and Perspective Taking Ability

  • 안도현 (제주대학교 언론홍보학과)
  • 투고 : 2019.08.08
  • 심사 : 2019.09.18
  • 발행 : 2019.09.28

초록

이 연구는 작업기억과 사회인지능력 사이의 관계 및 이야기의 이용이 사회인지 능력에 미치는 영향을 탐구하고자 했다. 이를 위해 연구참여자 82명에 대해 작업기업(n-back)을 측정한 다음, 사회인지 부하로서의 지향성 수준(5차 지향성 대 3차 지향성)을 달리한 이야기 및 설명문 등 3개 집단에 무작위로 배치해 사회인지능력으로서 관점채택과 감정추론 정확성을 비교분석했다. 분석결과 관점채택은 작업기억과 유의한 정비례의 관계가 나타났다. 반면 감정추론은 작업기억과 유의한 관계가 나타나지 않았다. 실험집단별 차이는 연구가설과는 반대로 인지부하가 가장 높은 5차지향성 이야기집단의 관점채택이 인지부하가 낮은 3차지향성 이야기집단의 관점채택보다 유의하게 낮았다. 설명문 집단과는 2종의 이야기 집단 모두 유의한 차이가 없었다. 감정추론은 3개 집단 사이에 모두 유의한 차이가 없었다. 전체적으로 이 연구는 일관되지 않은 결과가 나타났는데, 이에 대한 이론 및 방법론적 의의에 대한 논의를 제시했다.

키워드

이야기;작업기억;인지부하;관점채택;사회인지;마음이론;감정추론;공감

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국연구재단

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