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Does Story Enhance Social Cognitive Ability? Associations between Working Memory and Perspective Taking Ability

이야기는 사회인지능력을 향상시키는가? 작업기억과 관점채택 능력과의 관계

  • 안도현 (제주대학교 언론홍보학과)
  • Received : 2019.08.08
  • Accepted : 2019.09.18
  • Published : 2019.09.28

Abstract

This study was to examine association between working memory and social cognitive ability, and the influence of story-use on social cognitive ability. To this end, this study measured working memory(via n-back), and randomly assigned 82 participants into three groups(5th level intentionality, 3rd-level intentionality, and exposition conditions), and then compared the accuracy of perspective taking and emotion recognition(RMET: Reading Minds in the Eyes Test) as social cognitive ability. The results suggested that perspective taking accuracy was significantly associated with working memory capacity, whereas emotion recognition accuracy was not. Contrary to the hypothesis, perspective taking in the 5th-level intentionality story group were significantly lower than those in the 3rd-level intentionality story group. Emotions recognition accuracy was not significantly different among the three groups. Overall, this study produced inconsistent results, which has been discussed in terms of theory and methods.

Keywords

Story;Working Memory;Cognitive Load;Perspective Taking;Social Cognition;Theory of Mind;Emotion Recognition;Empathy

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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