DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Educators' Perception on the Use of Robots in the Early Childhood Environment

  • Choi, Wonkyung (School of Information and Communication Technology, Griffith University) ;
  • Stantic, Bela (School of Information and Communication Technology, Griffith University) ;
  • Jo, Jun (School of Information and Communication Technology, Griffith University)
  • Received : 2019.08.02
  • Accepted : 2019.08.16
  • Published : 2019.09.30

Abstract

Understanding teachers in the early childhood education is crucial as it can not only affect the quality of children's education but also cause many critical problems such as child abuse. A significant amount of research work has been made on the use of robots in childcare classrooms. The finding from the research has shown many advantages such as the improvement of learning performance, social/emotional skills, creativity, concentration period, physical and cognitive development. However, most of the study has been implemented at the K-12 classrooms but not much has been focused on the education at the early childhood classrooms. Importantly, it is very crucial to understand teachers' perception, demands and technical competence about the new teaching tool, in order to maximize its educational effect. This paper investigates some critical issues existing in both teaching and managing in the early childhood education. It will also explore teachers' perceptions and expectations on the use of robots to identify some dilemmas that exist in their working and teaching environment. A survey study was conducted with 119 early childhood educators in South Korea. It analyzed the educators' perception of using robots to improve their teaching performance and to make better outcomes for children, investigated job satisfaction and difficulties that they have in the current work environment. This paper concludes with several guidelines for integrating and setting robotics in the early childhood environment, in order to engender productive outcomes for the future early childhood education.

Keywords

Early Childhood Education;Robots;Teachers Perception;IT in Education

References

  1. J.H. Han, M.H. Jo, V, Jones, J.H. Jo, "Comparative Study on the Educational Use of Robots for Children," Journal of Information Processing Systems, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 159-168, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3745/JIPS.2008.4.4.159 https://doi.org/10.3745/JIPS.2008.4.4.159
  2. Y. Sujana, "Robotics in Early Childhood Development," Negotiating Practices of Early Childhood Education The 2014 International Conferences of Early Childhood Education, pp. 93-98.
  3. D. Conti, S.D. Nuovo, S. Buono, A.D. Nuovo, "Robots in Education and Care of Children with Developmental Disabilities," International Journal of Social Robotics, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 51-62, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12369-016-0359-6 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12369-016-0359-6
  4. K. Hicks, "What's Here and What's Coming," Robots in Education, 2016, Web URL:http://www.edudemic.com/robots-education-whats-coming/
  5. M. Bers, S. Seddighin, A. Sullivan, "Ready for Robotics: Bringing Together the T and E of Stem in Early Childhood Teacher Education," Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 355-377, 2013.
  6. D. Demetriou, "Robot Teacher Conducts First Class in Tokyo School," 2009, Web URL:https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/5311151/Robot-teacher-conducts-first-class-in-Tokyo-school.html
  7. K. Hibberd, "Using Robots un Childcare," 2017, Web URL:http://www.earlyyearscareers.com/eyc/latest-news/using-robots-childcare/
  8. R. Highfield, "Robot Nannies Threat to Child Care," 2008, Web URL:https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/3343667/Robot-nannies-threat-to-child-care.html
  9. J. Vasagar, "How Robots are Teaching Singapore's Kids," 2017, Web URL:https://www.ft.com/content/f3cbfada-668e-11e7-8526-7b38dcaef614
  10. Reuters, "Finland Schools are Testing Out Robot Teachers," 2018, Wed URL:https://nypost.com/2018/03/27/finland-schools-are-testing-out-robot-teachers
  11. J.H. Han, D.H. Kim, J.W. Kim, "Physical Learning Activities with a Teaching Assistant Robot in Elementary School Music Class," Journal of Convergence Information Technology, Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 30-38, 2010. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1109/NCM.2009.407 https://doi.org/10.4156/jcit.vol5.issue5.3
  12. A. Khanlari, "Teachers' Perceptions of Using Robotics in Primary/elementary Schools in Newfoundland and Labrador," Master thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2014.
  13. S. Irvine, J. Sumsion, J. Lunn, K. Thorpe, "One in Five Early Childhood Educators Plan to Leave the Profession," 2016, Web URL:https://theconversation.com/one-in-five-early-childhood-educators-plan-to-leave-the-profession-61279
  14. P. Warrilow, K. Fisher, K. Cummings, J. Sumsion, C. Beckett, "Early Childhood Teachers and Qualified Staff," NSW Department of Community Services, Office of Childcare, SPRC Report Series, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2002.
  15. M. Colton, "Factors Associated with Abuse in Residential Child Care Institutions," Children and Society, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 33-44, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1002/chi.683
  16. G. Mein, P. Martikainen, S.A. Stansfeld, E.J. Brunner, R. Fuhrer, M.G. Marmot, "Predictors of Early Retirement in British Civil Servants," Age Ageing, Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 529-36, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/29.6.529
  17. T.I. Van den Berg, L.A. Elders, A. Burdorf, "Influence of Health and Work on Early Retirement," Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 52, No. 6, pp. 576-83, 2010. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181de8133 https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181de8133
  18. M. Whitebook, D. Bellm, "Taking on Turnover: An Action Guide for Child Care Center Teachers and Directors," Washington, DC: Center for the Child Care Workforce, 1999.
  19. J. Sumsion, "Sustaining the Employment of Early Childhood Teachers in Long Day Care: A Case for Robust Hope, Critical Imagination and Critical Action," Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 311-327, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1080/13598660701447247
  20. C. Howes, C. Hamilton, "The Changing Experience of Child Care: Changes in Teachers and in Teacher-child Relationships and Children's Social Competence with Peers," Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 15-32, 1993. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0885-2006(05)80096-1
  21. C. Howes, D.A. Phillips, M. Whitebook, "Thresholds of Quality: Implications for the Social Development of Children in Center-based Child Care," Child Development, Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 449-460, 1992. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1992.tb01639.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1992.tb01639.x
  22. D. Phillips, D. Mekos, S. Scarr, K. McCartney, M. Abbott-Shin, "Within and Beyond the Classroom Door: Assessing Quality in Child Care Centers," Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 475-496, 2000. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0885-2006(01)00077-1 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0885-2006(01)00077-1
  23. P. Jorde-Bloom, "Teachers Job Satisfaction: A Framework for Analysis," Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 167-183, 1986. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/0885-2006(86)90027-X https://doi.org/10.1016/0885-2006(86)90027-X