Switching between Spatial Modulation and Quadrature Spatial Modulation

  • Kim, Sangchoon (Department of Electronics Engineering, Dong-A University)
  • Received : 2019.07.09
  • Accepted : 2019.07.18
  • Published : 2019.09.30


Spatial modulation (SM) is the first proposed space modulation technique. By further utilizing the quadrature spatial dimension, quadrature spatial modulation (QSM) has been developed as an amendment to SM system to enhance the overall spectral efficiency. Both techniques are capable of entirely eliminating interchannel interference (ICI) at the receiver. In this paper, we propose a simple adaptive hybrid switching transmission scheme to obtain better system performance than SM and QSM systems under a fixed transmission date rate. The presented modulator selection criterion for switching between spatial modulator and quadrature spatial modulator is based on the larger received minimum distance of spatial modulator and quadrature spatial modulator to exploit the spatial channel freedom. It is shown through Monte Carlo simulations that the proposed hybrid SM and QSM switching system yields lower error performance than the conventional SM and QSM systems under the same fixed data rate and thus can provide signal to noise ratio (SNR) gain.


Spatial modulation (SM);Quadrature spatial modulation (QSM);Link adaptation;Maximum likelihood (ML) receiver;Multiple input multiple output (MIMO);Switching


Supported by : Dong-A University


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