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Comparison on the Time of Occurrence of Major Rice Insect Pests Based on Growing Degree Day in Northern Part of Korean Peninsula

북방농업지대에서 유효적산온도를 이용한 벼 해충의 발생시기 비교

  • Kim, Soon-Il (The Biological Activity Research Institute, Nareso Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Uhm, Ki Baik (The Biological Activity Research Institute, Nareso Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Jin, Da-Yong (School of Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural College of Yanbian University) ;
  • Park, Hyung Man (The Biological Activity Research Institute, Nareso Co., Ltd.)
  • 김순일 ((주)나리소 기능성연구소) ;
  • 엄기백 ((주)나리소 기능성연구소) ;
  • 김대용 (연변대학교 농학원) ;
  • 박형만 ((주)나리소 기능성연구소)
  • Received : 2019.07.01
  • Accepted : 2019.08.29
  • Published : 2019.09.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to compare on the time of occurrence of 6 major rice insect pests [Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kusche, Oulema oryzae Kuwayama, Sogatella furcifera (Horvath), Nilaparvata lugens Stal., Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee), Mythimna separata Walker] in northern part of the Korean peninsula. Using growing degree days of the insects, we evaluated the number of occurrence generations and the time of occurrence. Over-wintering insects such as L. oryzophilus and O. oryzae showed different occurrence periods in northern regions. The occurrence period of the first generation adults was later in northeast regions than in Korean middle regions and more later both in northern alpines and in northern parts of east sea. In addition, the first adults of S. furcifera, N. lugens, C. medinalis, and M. separata occurred between June and early August. However, from late August to September, these insects showed the different occurrence periods in northern regions. Especially, the second adults of N. lugens were not occurred and the second to third generation adults of S. furcifera, C. medinalis, and M. separata showed similar occurrence properties. Based on these properties, the occurrence of major rice insect pests will be less in northeast regions, northern regions of east sea, northern inlands, and northern alpines of the Korean peninsula. However, comparing with their occurrences in northern regions of Gyenonggi and Gangwon provinces, the rice insect pests may show similar occurrence pattern in mid-korean mountains except for pyunggang and yangduk regions as well as in the southern and northern regions of Suyang-san.

Keywords

Growing degree day;Nothern agriculture;Occurrence period;Rice insect pests

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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