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Biological Control of Thrips Using a Self-produced Predatory Mite Stratiolaelaps scimitus (Acari: Laelapidae) in the Greenhouse Chrysanthemum

시설재배지 국화에서 자가생산한 뿌리이리응애 (응애아강: 가시진드기과)를 활용한 총채벌레의 생물적 방제

  • Jung, Duck-Oung (Sustainable Agriculture Research Center, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Hwang, Hwal-Su (Division of Applied Biosciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kim, San-Young (Gumi Floriculture Research Institute, Gyeongsangbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Lee, Kyeong-Yeoll (Division of Applied Biosciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University)
  • 정덕웅 (경북대학교 친환경농업연구센터) ;
  • 황활수 (경북대학교 농업생명과학대학) ;
  • 김산영 (경북농업기술원 구미화훼연구소) ;
  • 이경열 (경북대학교 농업생명과학대학)
  • Received : 2019.08.19
  • Accepted : 2019.08.28
  • Published : 2019.09.01

Abstract

For greenhouse crops, thrips is one of the major insect pests, but its control is difficult owing to short generation time, rapid escaping behavior, and development of pesticide resistance. Stratiolaelaps scimitus (Womersley) is a soil-dwelling predatory mite attacking various soil invertebrate species, including thrips. Using the method by growers' self-production, we mass-reared S. scimitus colony and investigated thrips control in the greenhouse chrysanthemum. The initial density of thrips was six individuals/flower. The treatment with one S. scimitus box in the greenhouse was estimated to be $1,000individuals/m^2$. From August to September 2018, the greenhouse was released with a total of 10 boxes of S. scimitus. The density of thrips in the untreated and the treated cultivar was $53.7{\pm}7.0$ and $13.5{\pm}1.7$ on the late September, respectively, which indicated a reduction of 74.9% in the treated cultivar. Our results suggest that S. scimitus was highly effective for the control of thrips in the greenhouse chrysanthemum although temperature is very high during the summer season.

Keywords

Thrips;Natural enemies;Predatory mites;Mass production;Sustainable agriculture

Acknowledgement

Grant : 주요 외래해충의 친환경 방제 기술 개발 연구

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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