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The Distribution Pattern of Eggs and Larval Survival Rate of Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillaridae) on the Leaves of Shoots in a Citrus Orchard in Jeju

제주 감귤원에서 귤굴나방 알의 신초 잎 위치별 분포와 유충의 생존률

  • Hyun, Seung Young (Majors in Plant Resource Sciences & Environment, College of Applied Life Science, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim, Su Bin (Majors in Plant Resource Sciences & Environment, College of Applied Life Science, SARI, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Soon (Majors in Plant Resource Sciences & Environment, College of Applied Life Science, SARI, Jeju National University)
  • 현승용 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 식물환경전공, SARI) ;
  • 김수빈 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 식물환경전공, SARI) ;
  • 김동순 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 식물환경전공, SARI)
  • Received : 2019.01.17
  • Accepted : 2019.07.21
  • Published : 2019.09.01

Abstract

The citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillaridae), is an important pest that decreases the productivity of citrus trees by attacking citrus leaves, and especially it causes a severe damage during the young growth stage. In this study, we investigated the distribution of eggs on the leaves of shoots according to the position and the survival rate of this pest in the field condition. The occurrence patterns of P. citrella eggs in citrus orchards were largely affected by the occurrence of shoots. Even if the adults were still being attracted in the pheromone traps, the eggs were not observed on leaves when the growth of shoots was stopped. The density of P. citrella eggs in the citrus shoots peaked at the fifth or sixth leaf from the terminal leaf, and over 90% of the eggs were found in the first to eighth leaves as a whole. In 2015 and 2016, the average survival rate of larvae surviving to pupa was 1.4%, and the rate of survival to adults was 0.2%, indicating that most of them died. Furthermore, we have discussed the management strategy of P. citrella considering the distribution of eggs and the larval survival rate in the citrus shoots.

Keywords

Citrus leafminer;Seasonal abundance;Egg occurrence;Survival rate;Shoot growth

Acknowledgement

Supported by : RDA

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