Study on the Goryeo Sea Route by Seogeung and Aids to Navigation Facility of Goryeo Fire Signal

서긍의 고려항로와 고려 봉수의 항로표지 기능에 관한 연구

Moon, Beom-Sik

  • Received : 2019.06.26
  • Accepted : 2019.07.24
  • Published : 2019.08.31


Seonhwa Bongsa Goryeodogyeong written by Seogeung of Song nationality is the most vivid record of sailing in the West Sea of Goryeo. Seogeung who visited Goryeo on a ship sailed from Heuksando to Byeokrando using a fire signal of the islands area. Fire signal was installed in the Goryeo area, was located nearby the sea route at that time, and was marked by smoke during the day and torched at night so that the navigators could identify it 24 hours. In addition, it was installed at the top of the mountain so that the navigators could easily identify it from a distance. Goryeo fire signal is satisfied by qualification of modern aids to navigation and Visual range is checked about 29-39 miles, Luminous intensity of fire signal estimates to approximately 9,105-168,610cd. Therefore, the fire signal of Goryeo was very easy to use and was highly reliable as operated by the nation and its role in aiding navigations facility as an essential for safe navigation.


Seogeung;Goryeo Sea Route;Fire Signal;Aids to Navigation;Visual Range