Monitoring Variation of Tidal Channels associated with Shihwa Reclamation Project using Remote Sensing Approaches

원격탐사기반 시화호 간척사업과 갯골변화 관찰

  • Park, Chanhyeok (Department of Astronomy, Space Science, & Geology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yu, Jaehyung (Department of Geological Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Jieun (Department of Astronomy, Space Science, & Geology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yang, Dong-Yoon (Geo-Environmental Hazard & Quaternary Geology Research Center, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources)
  • 박찬혁 (충남대학교 우주.지질학과) ;
  • 유재형 (충남대학교 지질환경과학과) ;
  • 김지은 (충남대학교 우주.지질학과) ;
  • 양동윤 (한국지질자원연구원 지질환경재해연구센터)
  • Received : 2019.08.12
  • Accepted : 2019.08.27
  • Published : 2019.08.28


This study analyzed variation of tidal channels associated with Shihwa reclamation project for corresponding observation period based on remote sensing approaches. The project period was subdivided to developing period, closed period, and open period based on developing and management plan of Shiwa lake, and number, length, width, and direction of tidal channels for each period were analyzed using CORONA, Landsat 5 TM, Landsat 7 ETM+, and orthorectified aerial photographs. Number of tidal channels decreased from developing to opening period while $3^{rd}$ order channles did not show noticeable changes. The length of tidal channels decreased during developing to closed period, and increasing trend of $2^{nd}$ and $3^{rd}$ order channels was observed for the opening period. The average widtrh of $2^{nd}$ and $3^{rd}$ order channels decreased from developing to closed period, and increased during open period. The direction of tidal channels showed NW and NE direction in general, while the rose diagram showed deacrased frequency of NE direction and increased frequency of NW direction during the open period. These variations in tidal channels are considered to be related to changes in tidal energy environment, where stable energy environment before the project was changed to disconnection of tidal energy by closed environment, and re-connection of the energy during the open period.


Supported by : 충남대학교


  1. Choi, J.K. and Ryu, J.H. (2011) A Study on the Sedmentary Facies Change in the Tidal Flat Using High Spatial Resolution Remotely Sensed Data. Economic and Environmental Geology., v.44, n.1, p.59-70. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  2. D'Alpaos, A., Lanzoni, S., Mudd, S.M. and Fagherazzi, S. (2006) Modeling the influence of hydroperiod and vegetation on the cross-sectional formation of tidal channels. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science., v.69, n.3-4, p.311-324.
  3. Dashora, A., Lohani, B. and Malik, J.N. (2007) A repository of earth resource information-CORONA satellite programme. Current Science (00113891)., v.92, n.7.
  4. De Mowbray, T. (1983) The genesis of lateral accretion deposits in recent intertidal mudflat channels, Solway Firth, Scotland. Sedimentology., v. 30, n. 3, p. 425-435.
  5. Fagherazzi, S., Gabet, E.J. and Furbish, D.J. (2004) The effect of bidirectional flow on tidal channel planforms. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms: The Journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group., v.29, n.3, p.295-309.
  6. Fossen, H. (2010) Structural Geology. Cambridge University Press., Cambridge, 463p.
  7. H, M., Yang, D.Y. and Lim, J. (2017) Basic Research of the Paleo-Environmental Change and Possibility of Ancient Port Location Through Geomorphological Survey and Sediment Analysis in Hwasung City. Jounal of The Korean Geomorphological Association., v.24, n.4, p.27-41. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  8. Hood, W.G. (2010) Tidal channel meander formation by depositional rather than erosional processes: examples from the prograding Skagit River Delta (Washington, USA). Earth Surface Processes and Landforms: The Journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group., v.35, n.3, p.319-330.
  9. Kahng, S.H., Kim, E. and Koo, B. (2005) Sustainable Development of Reclaimed Area in Lake Shihwa by Integrated Coastal Management. Journal of Korean Wetlands Society., v.7, n.1, p.93-106. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  10. Kim, J.S. and Park, K. (2013) A Tidal Channel and Creeks Analysis Using Airbone LiDAR -Differences by tidal flat type-. Jounal of The Korean Geomorphological Association., v.20, n.2, p.67-87. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  11. Kim, K.L., Ryu, J.H., Kim, S.W. and Choi, J.K. (2010) Application of SAR DATA to the Study on the Characteristics of Sedimentary Environments in a Tidal Flat. Korean Journal of Remote Sensing., v.26, n.5, p.497-510. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  12. Kim, M. and Koo B.J. (2015) The Intertidal Area in Lake Sihwa After Operation Of the Tidal Power Plant. Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment and Energy., v.18, n.4, p.310-316. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  13. Koh, C.H. (2001) The Korean Tidal Flat Systems. Seoul National University Press Council, Seoul, 1073p. (in Korean)
  14. Korea Water Resources Corporation. (2015) Electric Power Station Management Regulations., p.37, (In Korean)
  15. Lee, H.Y. and Lee, S. (1997) Impacts of Large-scale Reclamation on Environment in Korea. Journal of Korean Geographical Society, v.34, n.4, p.463-478. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  16. Lee, J., Jun, H., Choi, Y. and Kim, J. (2005) A Survey on The Image Mosaicing Technology. Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute., 91p. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  17. Lee, S., Kim, G. and Lee, C. (2016) Preliminary Study for tidal Flat Detection in Yeongjong-do according to Tide Level using Landsat Images. Korean Journal of Remote Sensing., v.32, n.6, p.639-645. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  18. Li, W., Du, Z., Ling, F., Zhou, D., Wang, H., Gui, Y., Sun, B. and Zhang, X. (2013) A comparison of land surface water mapping using the normalized difference water index from TM, ETM+ and ALI. Remote Sensing., v.5, n.11, p.5530-5549.
  19. Markham, B. L. and Barker, J. L. (1985) Spectral characterization of the Landsat Thematic Mapper sensors. International Journal of Remote Sensing., v.6, n.5, p.697-716.
  20. Mason, D. C., Scott, T. R. and Wang, H. J. (2006) Extraction of tidal channel networks from airborne scanning laser altimetry. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing., v.61, n.2, p.67-83.
  21. O, H.C., Ahn H.D., Isobe M., Sato S., Jeong, K.S., Cho, J.H. and Koibuchi, Y. (2006) Study of water quality and sediment change after opening water gate in the Shihwa Lake. Jounal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment and Energy., v.2006, p.31-36. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  22. Oh, C.Y., Park, S.Y., Choi, C.U. and Jeon, S.W. (2010) Change Detection at the Nakdong Estuary Delta Using Satellite Image and GIS. Journal of the Korean Society for Geo-spatial Information Science., v.18, n.1, p.21-29. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  23. Park, J.J. (1999) Physico-chemical Properties of Tidal Creek Sediment - Sunchon Bay. Journal of Geography., v.33, p.45-65. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  24. Ryu, J.H., Choi, J.K., Na, Y.H. and Won, J.S. (2003) Characteristics of Landsat ETM+ Image for Gomso Bay Tidal Flat Sediments. Korean Journal of Remote Sensing., v.19, n.2, p.117-133. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  25. Ryu, J.H., Cho, W.J., Won, J.S., Lee, I.T., Chun, S.S., Suh, A.S. and Kim, K.L. (2000) Intertidal DEM Generation Using Waterline Extracted from Remotely Sensed Data. Journal of the Korean Society of Remote Sensing., v.16, n.3, p.221-233. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  26. Shi, Z., Lamb, H.F. and Collin, R.L. (1995) Geomorphic change of saltmarsh tidal creek networks in the Dyfi Estuary, Wales. Marine Geology., v.128, n.1-2, p.73-83.
  27. So, J.K., Jung, K.T. and Chae, J.W. (1998) Numerical Modelingof Changes in Tides and Tidal Currents Caused by Embankment at Chonsu Bay. Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers., v.10, n.4, p.151-164. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  28. U.S. Geological Survey (2008) Declassified Intelligence Satellite Photographs. U.S. Geological Survey., Reston, VA, p.2.
  29. Wells, J.T., Adams Jr, C.E., Park, Y.A. and Frankenberg, E.W. (1990) Morphology, sedimentology and tidal channel processes on a high-tide-range mudflat, west coast of South Korea. Marine Geology., v.95, n.2, p.111-130.
  30. Won, J.S. and Yoo, H.R. (1995) Application of Change Vector Analysis for Monitoring Geomorphological Change Using Remote Sensing Data. Economic and Environmental Geology., v.28, n.4, p.405-414. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  31. Won, J.S. and Yoo, H.R. (1995) Coastal Change Monitoring Using LANDSAT TM Data. Ocean and Polar Research., v.17, n.2, p.101-115. (in Korean and English Abstract)
  32. Xu, H. (2006) Modification of normalised difference water index (NDWI) to enhance open water features in remotely sensed imagery. International journal of remote sensing., v.27, n.14, p.3025-3033.
  33. Yue, H., Liu, Y., Wang, H. and Zhang, W. (2017) Analysis of dynamic change of Hongjiannao Lake based on MNDWI. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science., v.57, n.1, p.012005. IOP Publishing.
  34. Zeff, M.L. (1988) Sedimentation in a salt marsh-tidal channel system, southern New Jersey. Marine Geology., v.82, n.1-2, p.33-48.