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Element Dispersion and Wallrock Alteration Analysis Using Portable XRF and SWIR in the Samgwang Au Deposit

휴대용 XRF와 단파장적외선 분광분석을 이용한 삼광 금광상의 원소분산 및 모암변질 분석

  • Received : 2019.07.29
  • Accepted : 2019.08.28
  • Published : 2019.08.28

Abstract

Using portable XRF and SWIR analyzer, the characteristics of element dispersion and wallrock alterations induced by interaction between hydrothermal fluids and host rocks were investigated and ore exploration factors were estimated for the orogenic-type Samgwang Au deposits. On this purpose, in-situ measurements were conducted for 804 spots at regular intervals with a total of 4,824 times for host rocks, consisting of schist and gneiss, and altered wallrocks contacted with quartz veins in the Bonhang adit of the deposit, and the results were compared with quantitative data obtained by XRF and ICP analysis. The regression coefficients are 0.88 for major elements and 0.56 for trace elements, excluding V. For polished rock slabs, better results came out for major elements, 0.97 and for trace elements, 0.65. In altered wallrocks contacted with quartz veins, elements such as Fe, Zn, and Rb exhibit positive correlations with As in concentrations, while V forms a negative trend. Contour maps demonstrate that As, Zn, Rb, Fe, Ti, Cr, and Ni are enriched together near quartz veins, showing similar elemental behaviors. In-situ analysis using portable SWIR analyzer represents that schist and gneiss contain mica, illite, chlorite, sericite, amphibole, and epidote, while illite, sericite, gypsum, and mica are present in the altered rocks contacted with quartz veins. In contour maps, chlorite occurs mostly in host rocks, while sericite is concentrated near quartz veins. These results are similar to those of previous studies for element dispersion and hydrothermal alteration, and support the possibility for application of in-situ analysis on the exploration of orogenic gold deposit.

Keywords

portable X-ray fluorescence analysis;portable short-wavelength infrared spectrum analysis;element dispersion;wallrock alteration;Samgwang Au deposit

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Acknowledgement

Grant : 정보융합형 북한광물자원 잠재성평가 및 자원기술구축, 북한광물자원 탐사기술실증 및 잠재성평가

Supported by : 한국지질자원연구원