간호대학생의 인성에 영향을 미치는 요인

Factors Influencing Character of Nursing Students

  • 투고 : 2019.05.09
  • 심사 : 2019.08.02
  • 발행 : 2019.08.31


본 연구는 생태체계이론을 적용하여 간호대학생들의 인성에 영향을 미치는 요인을 확인하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 본 연구는 전국 간호대학생을 모집단으로 영남지역 4개 간호대학생 전체를 성별 및 학년을 기준으로 할당 표본 추출한 296명을 대상으로 하였다. 수집된 데이터 분석을 위해 SPSS WIN 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 t-검정, ANOVA 및 다중 회귀 분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과 대상자의 인성은 평균 5점 만점에 평균 3.84점이었으며, 대학진학 동기, 교과외 활동, 수업참여도에 따라 인성에 유의한 차이가 있었다. 생태체계이론에 따른 간호대학생의 인성에 영향을 미치는 요인은 개체 변인에 대한 첫 번째 모델에서 긍정정서, 의사소통능력이 간호대학생의 인성을 설명하는 중요한 요인으로 나타났으며, 미시체계 변인을 추가한 두 번째 모델에서는 가족건강성과 전공만족도가 중요한 요인으로 나타났다. 간호대학생의 인성에 영향을 미치는 유의한 요인은 의사소통능력(${\beta}=.431$, p<.001), 전공만족도(${\beta}=.310$, p<.001), 가족건강성(${\beta}=.176$, p<.001)으로 나타났으며 이러한 요인들은 간호대학생의 인성을 55.6 % 설명하였다. 따라서 간호대학생의 인성을 향상시키기 위해서는 의사소통능력과 전공만족도, 가족건강성을 고려한 교육 프로그램을 개발하는 것이 필요하며, 다양한 예측변수를 파악하여 변수들 간의 관계를 규명하는 반복 연구를 제언한다.

The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with character of nursing students using ecological theory. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 296 nursing students. Collected data from self report questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression with SPSS WIN 21.0. The Results of this study were as follows. A total of 2 models were examined according to individual, microsystem in ecological system theory. In the first model including individual factors, positive emotion, communication ability were significant factors explain character of nursing students. In the second model adding micro system factors family strength and major satisfaction found to be significant factors. The prediction factors of nursing student' character were communication ability (${\beta}=.431$, p<.001), major satisfaction (${\beta}=.310$, p<.001) and family strength (${\beta}=.176$, p<.001). The explanation power was 55.6%. These results showed that factors affecting character of nursing students are communication ability, major satisfaction, and family strength. Therefore, we suggest to develop various character education programs considering these factors.



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