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간호대학생의 인성에 영향을 미치는 요인

Factors Influencing Character of Nursing Students

  • 투고 : 2019.05.09
  • 심사 : 2019.08.02
  • 발행 : 2019.08.31

초록

본 연구는 생태체계이론을 적용하여 간호대학생들의 인성에 영향을 미치는 요인을 확인하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 본 연구는 전국 간호대학생을 모집단으로 영남지역 4개 간호대학생 전체를 성별 및 학년을 기준으로 할당 표본 추출한 296명을 대상으로 하였다. 수집된 데이터 분석을 위해 SPSS WIN 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 t-검정, ANOVA 및 다중 회귀 분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과 대상자의 인성은 평균 5점 만점에 평균 3.84점이었으며, 대학진학 동기, 교과외 활동, 수업참여도에 따라 인성에 유의한 차이가 있었다. 생태체계이론에 따른 간호대학생의 인성에 영향을 미치는 요인은 개체 변인에 대한 첫 번째 모델에서 긍정정서, 의사소통능력이 간호대학생의 인성을 설명하는 중요한 요인으로 나타났으며, 미시체계 변인을 추가한 두 번째 모델에서는 가족건강성과 전공만족도가 중요한 요인으로 나타났다. 간호대학생의 인성에 영향을 미치는 유의한 요인은 의사소통능력(${\beta}=.431$, p<.001), 전공만족도(${\beta}=.310$, p<.001), 가족건강성(${\beta}=.176$, p<.001)으로 나타났으며 이러한 요인들은 간호대학생의 인성을 55.6 % 설명하였다. 따라서 간호대학생의 인성을 향상시키기 위해서는 의사소통능력과 전공만족도, 가족건강성을 고려한 교육 프로그램을 개발하는 것이 필요하며, 다양한 예측변수를 파악하여 변수들 간의 관계를 규명하는 반복 연구를 제언한다.

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