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Nutritional Quality of Breakfast among Korean School-Aged Children and Adolescents Depending on Eating Together as a Family: Based on the Data from the 2013-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey

가족 동반여부에 따른 학령기 아동 및 청소년 아침식사의 질: 2013-2014년 국민건강영양조사자료를 바탕으로

Hong, Jeongmin;Kim, Meeyoung;Yoon, Jihyun;Kim, So-young
홍정민;김미영;윤지현;김소영

  • Received : 2019.08.06
  • Accepted : 2019.08.21
  • Published : 2019.08.31

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the nutritional quality of breakfast among Korean school-aged children and adolescents depending on eating together as a family, based on the 2013-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey. One day 24-hour recall data of 1,831 children and adolescents aged from 6 to 17 years were collected. The nutritional quality of breakfast was analyzed and compared between Family Breakfast Group (FBG, n=1,410) and Eating-alone Breakfast Group (EBG, n=421). The results showed that age, family structure, number of family members, and frequency of breakfast were associated with eating breakfast as a family. The calorie intake from breakfast explained 19% and 16% of the daily intake for FBG and EBG, respectively. The percentages of children and adolescents consuming Vitamin A, Vitamin $B_1$, Vitamin $B_2$, Vitamin C, Niacin, and Iron less than 1/4 of the Estimated Average Requirements were significantly lower in FBG than in EBG. The average numbers of serving for "Grains" and "Vegetables" food groups and the average Dietary Diversity Score were significantly higher in FBG than in EBG. Overall, the results indicated that eating breakfast as a family is positively associated with nutritional quality of breakfast among Korean school-aged children and adolescents.

Keywords

Family meal;eating alone;breakfast;diet quality;nutrition survey

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 순천향대학교