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Comprehensive Survey on Internet of Things, Architecture, Security Aspects, Applications, Related Technologies, Economic Perspective, and Future Directions

  • Gafurov, Khusanbek (College of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Chung, Tai-Myoung (College of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University)
  • Received : 2019.01.03
  • Accepted : 2019.04.18
  • Published : 2019.08.31

Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) is the paradigm of network of Internet-connected things as objects that constantly sense the physical world and share the data for further processing. At the core of IoT lies the early technology of radio frequency identification (RFID), which provides accurate location tracking of real-world objects. With its small size and convenience, RFID tags can be attached to everyday items such as books, clothes, furniture and the like as well as to animals, plants, and even humans. This phenomenon is the beginning of new applications and services for the industry and consumer market. IoT is regarded as a fourth industrial revolution because of its massive coverage of services around the world from smart homes to artificial intelligence-enabled smart driving cars, Internet-enabled medical equipment, etc. It is estimated that there will be several dozens of billions of IoT devices ready and operating until 2020 around the world. Despite the growing statistics, however, IoT has security vulnerabilities that must be addressed appropriately to avoid causing damage in the future. As such, we mention some fields of study as a future topic at the end of the survey. Consequently, in this comprehensive survey of IoT, we will cover the architecture of IoT with various layered models, security characteristics, potential applications, and related supporting technologies of IoT such as 5G, MEC, cloud, WSN, etc., including the economic perspective of IoT and its future directions.

Keywords

Cloud;Edge;IoT;IoT Security;MEC/MCC;RFID;WSN;5G

Acknowledgement

Grant : oneM2M The Development of oneM2M Conformance Testing Tool and QoS Technology

Supported by : Institute for Information communications Technology Promotion (IITP)

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