Influence of Clinical Nurses' Personality and Resilience on Happiness Index

임상간호사의 인성, 회복탄력성이 행복지수에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Sung-Eun (Department of social Welfare, Sillla University)
  • 김성은 (신라대학교 일반대학원 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2019.06.28
  • Accepted : 2019.08.20
  • Published : 2019.08.28


This study was conducted to identify correlations in clinical nurses' personality, resilience and happiness index to provide basic resources for nurses' happiness at work. Methods: From May 1 to 15, 2019, self-report questionnaires were distributed and collected from 307 of clinical nurses in 10 hospitals located in P-metropolitan city and K-province. Analyses included descriptive statistics, t-test, Analysis of Variance, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression, conducted using IBM SPSS/WIN 24.0. Mean scores were nurses' personality 3.67, resilience 3.28, and happiness index 3.28. There were significant differences on the happiness index for: clinical experience, type of work, and leisure activities and a positive correlation between personality and resilience, between personality and happiness index and between happiness index and resilience. Happiness index was influenced by clinical experience 'Less than 1-5' (${\beta}=-.41$), '${\geq}10$' ${\beta}=-.39$), 'Less than 5-10' (${\beta}=-.34$), resilience (${\beta}=.35$), personality (${\beta}=.29$), type of work '3 shifts' (${\beta}=.12$), leisure activities (${\beta}=.10$). Explanatory power of these variables was 41%. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, so it is necessary to operated the career management, work management, personality training, support for resilience promotion program and leisure activities in order to increase the happiness index of hospital nurses.


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