DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The effects of Cyberbullying and Focusing Manner on Symptoms of Somatization

사이버폭력 경험 및 포커싱적 태도가 신체화 증상에 미치는 영향

  • 주은선 (덕성여자대학교 심리학과) ;
  • 강주희 (덕성여자대학교 일반대학원 임상 및 상담심리학) ;
  • 백경은 (덕성여자대학교 일반대학원 임상 및 상담심리학)
  • Received : 2019.05.22
  • Accepted : 2019.08.20
  • Published : 2019.08.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship andinfluence of Focusing manner to deal with somatization symptoms of adolescents with experience of cyberbullying. For this study, we conducted on teenagers aged 14 to 19. A total of 366 of these results -84 men (23%) and 282 women(77%)- were used for the analysis. Data was analyzed through frequency analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. As a result, cyber-bullying experiences have a positive effect on somatizaion symptoms. Among the sub-factors of focusing manner, "knowledge" and "reviewing" have a negative effect on somatizaion symptoms, and "expression" has an negative effect on somatizaion symptoms. Based on the results of the study, the need for a therapeutic approach to focusing manner was presented when appealing for somatizaion symptoms of adolescents who experienced cyberbullying.

Keywords

Adolescent;Cyberbullying;Focusing Manner;Somatization Symptom;Multiple Regression Analysis

References

  1. J. H. Kim. (2017). Tragedy of a 15-year-old girl's soul-destroying "SNS Sniper.". JoongAng Ilbo. https://news.joins.com/article/21936311.
  2. KOREA COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION. (2019). Announcement of the results of the 2018 cyber-bullying survey. Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. Republic of Korea. http://www.korea.kr/news/pressReleaseView.do?newsId=156315142.
  3. I. T. Lee. (2012). A Study on the Status of Cyber Bullying and their Causes with Elementary School Students. Forum for youth culture, 32, 91-118.
  4. H. J. Han & H. J. Jeong. (2014). Trends in Research Regarding Cyberbullying in Korea and Suggestions for Future Research in Communication Studies. Journal of Speech, Media & Communication Association, 24(-), 180-217.
  5. W. S. Lim & H. S. Choi (2010). Actual Conditions of Cyberbullying and the Countermeasure. The Korean Society of Disaster Information, 6(1), 122-137.
  6. Y. S. Seo. (2002). Understanding Cyber Youth Culture. Dankook University Student Counseling, 7, 41-61.
  7. Stewart, R. W., Drescher, C. F., Maack, D. J., Ebesutani, C., & Young, J. (2014). The development and psychometric investigation of the Cyberbullying Scale. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(12), 2218-2238. DOI: 10.1177/0886260513517552 https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260513517552
  8. W. J. Seo, Chad Ebesutani, M. R, H, Lee & T. S. Lee(2015). A Validation Study of the Cyberbullying Scale-Korean Version. Korean journal of health psychology, 20(4), 839-854. DOI: 10.17315/kjhp.2015.20.4.008
  9. H. Choi & J. S. Baek. (2015). A Study on the Variables of Cyber Bullying Experience of Middle School Students. Korea Institute of Youth Facility & Environment, 13(4), 195-20.
  10. Kowalski, R. M., & Limber, S. P. (2007). Electronic bullying among middle school students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, 22-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.08.017 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.08.017
  11. D. J. Shin & M. J. Lee. (2006). Violence and Social Control in Cyberspace. Journal of Cybercommunication Academic Society, 20(1), 149-196.
  12. F. Dehue. (2013). Cyberbullying research: New perspective and alternative methodologies. Introduction to the special issue. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 23, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2139
  13. S. J. Ryu. (2013). A Study on the Cyber Violence and Offline Violence Experiences in the Teenagers. Korean Society for Journalism & Communication Studies, 57(5), 297-324.
  14. K. Williams, M. Chambers, S. Logan & D. Robinson. (1996). Associations of common health symptoms with bullying in primary school children. British Medical Journal, 313, 17-19. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.313.7048.17
  15. R. M. Kowalski, S. P. Limber & P. W. Agatston. (2008). Cyber bullying: Bullying in the digital age. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9604.2009.01431_5.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9604.2009.01431_5.x
  16. K. Rigby. (2003). Consequences of bullying in schools. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 48, 583-590. https://doi.org/10.1177/070674370304800904
  17. H. S. Shin & B. Y. Khu. (2001). Stress Coping and Its Relationship to Adjustment In Korean Adolescents. Korea Journal of Youth Counseling, 9, 189-225.
  18. Z. J. Lipowski. (1998). Somatization: The concept and its clinical application. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 1358-1368. DOI: 10.1176/ajp.145.11.1358
  19. R. Kowalski, M. Giumetti, G. M. Schroeder, A. N. & M. R. Lattenner. (2014). Bulling in the digital age: A critical review and meta-analysis of cyberbullying research among youth. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 1073-1137. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035618
  20. P. Gradinger, D. Strohmeier & C. Spiel. (2009). Traditional bullying and cyberbullying: Identification of risk groups for adjustment problems. Zeitschrift Fur Psychologie/Journal of Psychology, 217(4), 205-213. DOI: 10.1027/0044-3409.217.4.205
  21. T. H. Selma & F. Ercan. (2017). Traditional and cyberbullying co?occurrence an ditsrelationship to psychiatric symptoms. Pediatrics International, 59(1), 16-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/ped.13067
  22. K. H. Do. (2015). Analysis of affecive, cognitive changes and behavioral responses of the victims of cyber bullying. Korean journal of youth studies, 22(11), 81-109.
  23. J. Raskauskas & A. D. Stoltz. (2007). Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 43, 564-575. DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.3.564 https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.43.3.564
  24. H. N. Ahn. (2007). An Empirical Review of Complex Trauma. Korean Journal of Psychology: General, 26(1), 105-119.
  25. Y. J. Kim. (2002). The mediating effects of cultural variables on somatization(doctoor's thesis), korea university, seoul.
  26. E. S. Joo, S. A. Shin, B. S. Kim & J. Y. Kim (2011). Modification Development and Validity Analysis of Korean Focusing Manner Scale (KFMS). Korean Journal of Psychology: General, 30(4), 1111-1128.
  27. E. S. Joo, S. A. Shin, B. S. Kim & J. Y. Kim (2016). Development and Validity Analysis of Korean Focusing Manner Scale-Revised (KFMS-R) .The Korean journal of stress research, 24(1), 23-33. https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2016.24.1.23
  28. Y. J. Im, E. S. Joo & S. M. Bae. (2015). The Moderating Effect of Focusing Manner between Attachment Style and Anger Expression Style in High School Students. Korean journal of youth studies, 22(10), 261-287.
  29. Y. MORIKAWA & H. FUKUMORI. (2007). Relationship between Focusing and Mental Health in Adolescents (Special Plan PCE2006 Special Feature of German Society). Clinical Psychology of the Graduate School of Clinical Psychology Center of Kyushu Industrial University,(2), 147-153.
  30. D. W. Han, K. G. Jeon, J. K. Tak, C. H. Lee & G. H. Lee. (1993). A Study on the Living Events and Individual Difference Correspondence Influencing the Inadequacy of Life. Journal of student guidance, 10(1), 1-35.
  31. K. Y. Ham & K. Park (2005). The Relationships of Stress, Alexithymia and Somatization of Adolescents-Focused on the Highschool Student. Student Life Research Institute, 2005(18), 77-90.
  32. E. S. Joo & S. W. Choi(2013), The Effect of Group Therapy Using Focusing on Somatization, Negative Affect and Alexithymia of Female College Students. Korean Journal of Psychology: General, 32(4), 777-802.