DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

교수 기술창업 장애요인 및 활성화 방안에 관한 연구

A Study on Obstacles and Promotion of Faculty Technology Entrepreneurship

  • 투고 : 2019.06.10
  • 심사 : 2019.08.20
  • 발행 : 2019.08.28

초록

본 연구는 학생이나 연구원과는 다른 신분, 위험감수 성향, 창업 동기가 있는 교수의 기술창업에 초점을 맞추어 국내 현황과 장애 요인을 분석하고 활성화 방안을 제시한다. 이를 위해 기존 문헌에 등장하는 기술창업과 사업화 중에서 교수 기술창업의 가치, 해외사례, 관련 연구를 분석하고, 핵심 이해당사자인 대학의 지주회사, 산학협력단, 교수, 그리고 투자사를 대상으로 심층 인터뷰를 진행했다. 이제 막 태동기에 있는 국내 교수창업은 제도적, 경제적, 실행적인 면에서 장애 요인을 갖고 있다. 교수창업을 활성화하기 위해서는, 학교와 창업교수 간의 합리적인 인센티브 분배 규정을 사전에 정하고, 공공이 주도하고 여러 대학이 참여하는 기술지주회사 혹은 사업화 펀드를 설립하며, 제안받기보다 기회는 찾아가서 발굴하고 투자 후 전주기적으로 지원하며, 초기 개념검증과 상품 개발단계에 기업이 참여하여 시장성과 기술성을 높이는 역할을 해야 한다. 본 연구는 교수창업과 관련한 정책 입안자, 산업 종사자, 대학 및 교수에게 실용적인 시사점을 제공할 것이다.

키워드

기술창업;교수창업;인터뷰;사업화;개념검증

참고문헌

  1. D. P. Shin. (2018). Evaluation of current policies supporting technology-based startups and its implication, KISTEP issue weekly 2018-08.
  2. Y. S. Yang. (2016), 'Inbound globalization' model for enhancing the global performance of high-tech startups from GRI(Government Research Institutions) with diagnosing the its defects. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, 11(3), 27-35
  3. S. J. Sohn & E. S. Yang. (2012). Policy improvement plan for promoting university R&D-based technology startups. STEPI. 2012-2.
  4. Y. S. Kim. (2014). Analysis of factors affecting university's technology-based startups and supporting policy. STEPI, 2014-29.
  5. J. Y. Choi. (2015). A Study for comparing advanced policies and environments to support science and technology venture. KISDIC. J.
  6. C. J. Lee & J. I. Choi. (2019). Factors influencing technology commercialization of universities in Korea : Systematic literature review on domestic research. Journal of Korea technology innovation society, 22(1), 50-84.
  7. B. J. Koo, S. W. Kim & H. B. Kim (2018). A Study on vitalization of faculty-associated startups: focusing on conflicts of interests regulations. Journal of Technology Innovation, 26(1), 59-83. https://doi.org/10.14386/SIME.2018.26.1.59
  8. S. H. Kim & G. B. Lee. (2016). An Empirical study on management strategies of the technology based startup. The Journal of Humanities and Social science, 7(4), 407-424.
  9. C. Y. Lee, I. H. Hwang & J. S. Kim. (2016). The Influential factors to growth intention and performance in early-stage technology-based startup companies. Korean Society of Business Venturing, 11(2), 49-62.
  10. A. Thomas, R. Passaro & I. Quinto. (2019). Developing Entrepreneurship in Digital Economy: The Ecosystem Strategy for Startups Growth. Strategy and Behaviors in the Digital Economy, Intechopen
  11. J. W. Eo et al. (2012). The Information Support Strategy for Global Technology Commercialization of SME by Analysis of the Global Technology Commercialization Programs. Journal of Convergence for Information Technology, 2(2), 27-34.
  12. J. J. Chrisman, T. Hynes & S. Fraser. (1995). Faculty entrepreneurship and economic development: The case of the University of Calgary. Journal of Business Venturing, 10(4), 267-281. https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-9026(95)00015-Z
  13. Y. S. Kim & C. M. Park. (2008). A Study of Commercialization Model of University Research Results. The Korea Entrepreneurship Society, 3(2), 123-132.
  14. M. Perkmann et al. (2013). Academic engagement and commercialization: A review of the literature on university-industry relations.Research Policy, 42(2), 423-442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007
  15. S. H. Bae, H. K. Lee(2019), Effects of Interdisciplinary R&D on Technology Commercialization. Journal of Convergence for Information Technology, 9(1), 28-37. https://doi.org/10.22156/CS4SMB.2019.9.1.028
  16. S. J. Sohn. (2013). A Study on overseas major programs designed to activate technology entrepreneurship. STEPI, 23(2).
  17. S. J. Sohn, J. H. Jung & C. Y. Yim. (2014). Value and potential of technology holding company. STEPI Insight 146.
  18. Y. J. Lee & S. Y. Jung. (2009). Ways to improve technology transfer and commercialization at University. STEPI ISSUES & POLICY 2009-09, 1-14.
  19. B. K. Kim (2018). Open innovation and startup ecosystem in Japan, Institute for International Trade, Trade Brief #16.