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University Mergers in Finland and Norway and Their Policy Implications

핀란드와 노르웨이의 대학 통폐합 사례 분석 및 정책적 시사점

  • Chae, Jae-Eun (Dept. of Public Policy and Management, Gachon University) ;
  • Byoun, Su Youn (College of Mano General Education, Busan University of Foreign Studies)
  • 채재은 (가천대학교 행정학과) ;
  • 변수연 (부산외국어대학교 만오교양대학)
  • Received : 2019.06.30
  • Accepted : 2019.08.20
  • Published : 2019.08.28

Abstract

This study analyzed the process of university mergers that took place in Finland and Norway in order to present policy implications for the Korean government considering university merger as an effective policy instrument for restructuring of the Korean higher education system. Based on reviewing the previous literature and related documents, researchers conducted a comparative case study on the context, strategies, and outcomes of the implementation of university merger policies of the two countries. The results of analyses suggested that combination of government's clear direction-setting and enhanced autonomy of merging institutions was essential for successful mergers. Considerations on upgrading the structure of the whole higher education sector to meet new needs of the future society were also suggested.

Keywords

university merger;restructuring;higher education;Finland;Norway

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea

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