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초등학생의 공격신념과 공격성에 대한 융합 연구: 자아존중감의 매개효과를 중심으로

The convergence study of beliefs supporting aggression and aggression in elementary students: Focusing on mediating effects of self-esteem

  • 유선이 (우송정보대학 간호학과)
  • 투고 : 2019.06.24
  • 심사 : 2019.08.20
  • 발행 : 2019.08.28

초록

본 연구는 초등학생의 공격신념, 자아존중감, 공격성을 확인하고 관련성을 분석하여 아동의 공격성을 조절하고 효과적인 대처전략을 개발하기 위한 기초자료를 제공하기 위해 수행되었다. 본 연구의 대상자는 D시와 C도에 거주하는 초등학교 5, 6학년 학생 184명이었다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 24.0 통계 프로그램을 사용하여 분석하였다. 분석 결과 초등학생의 공격성은 공격신념(r=.39, p<.001)과 통계적으로 유의한 양의 상관관계를, 자아존중감(r=-.46, p<.001)과는 통계적으로 유의한 음의 상관관계가 있었다. 또한 초등학생의 공격신념은 자아존중감(${\beta}=.26$, p<.001)을 매개로 하여 공격성에 영향을 미쳤다. 즉 공격신념이 높게 되면 공격성이 높아지며, 자아존중감은 이들 간의 관계에서 매개변수로 작용함을 의미한다. 그러므로 초등학생의 공격성을 조절하기 위한 중재방안을 마련할 때 공격신념을 조절하고, 자아존중감을 높일 수 있는 전략도 함께 모색해야 한다.

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