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성별에 따른 SNS사용유형이 우울감에 미치는 영향연구: 집단소속감, 지각된 사회지지, 부정적 사회비교의 매개효과

The Relation between Social Networking Sites and Depression by Gender: Mediating effects of Collective Identity, Perceived Social Support, and Negative Comparison

  • 이승욱 (동아대학교 의료상담심리학과) ;
  • 최윤영 (한양사이버대학교 청소년상담학과) ;
  • 이현우 (한양대학교 교육공학과)
  • Lee, Seunguk (Department of Counseling, Donga University) ;
  • Choi, Younyoung (Department of Adolescent Counseling, Hanyang Cyber University) ;
  • Lee, Hyunwoo (Department of Educational Technology, Hanyang University)
  • 투고 : 2019.05.29
  • 심사 : 2019.08.20
  • 발행 : 2019.08.28

초록

본 연구는 Social Networking Sites(SNS)의 사용유형과 우울감의 관계에서 지각된 사회지지와 부정적 사회비교의 매개효과가 성별에 따라 차이가 있는지를 살펴보았다. 이를 위해 483명의 성인들을 대상으로 수집된 자료를 이용하여 다집단 구조방정식 분석을 실시하였고, 부트스트랩 분석으로 매개효과를 살펴보았다. 연구 결과로는 남녀 모두 SNS를 통해 집단소속감을 느끼며 높은 집단소속감은 높은 사회지지와 낮은 우울감으로 연결되었고, 높은 부정적 사회비교는 높은 우울감으로 연결되었다. 그러나 남성의 경우 집단소속감과 부정적 사회비교 간의 유의미한 관계는 나타나지 않은 반면 여성의 경우 집단소속감이 높을수록 부정적 사회비교 역시 높았고 이는 우울감에 유의미한 영향을 미쳤다. 따라서 SNS의 사용은 온라인 환경에서의 집단소속감을 가질 수 있는 긍정적인 효과가 있으나, 성별에 따른 집단 내에서의 소속감은 부정적 사회비교에 서로 다른 영향을 주었고 이에 따라 우울감이 달라질 수 있음을 시사하였다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF)

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