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Evaluating knowledge, attitudes and health behavior regarding cancer among college students based on 10 national cancer prevention recommendations

일 지역 대학생의 암에 대한 지식, 태도 및 국민 암 예방 10대 수칙 건강행위

  • Lee, Young-Ah (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Cheju Halla University)
  • 이영아 (제주한라대학교 응급구조과)
  • Received : 2019.07.12
  • Accepted : 2019.08.18
  • Published : 2019.08.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to assess college students' knowledge, attitude, and health behavior regarding cancer based on 10 national cancer prevention recommendations and to examine the relation between these variables. Methods: The participants were 189 college students in J city. Data were collected with a questionnaire consisting of items on cancer-related knowledge, attitude toward cancer, and implementation of 10 national recommendations on cancer. The data were analyzed using independent two-sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ multiple comparison test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression(stepwise) analysis with SPSS/WIN 21.0 program (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). Results: The mean scores for knowledge, attitude, and health behavior were 23.83 points (out of a possible 32), 33.10 points (out of possible 50), respectively. Attitude was positively correlated with health behavior and accounted for 37.7% of cancer prevention health behavior. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that the related factors should be considered in the development and implementation of systemic education programs that can encourage and promote cancer prevention health behavior among college students.

Keywords

Cancer;Knowledge;Attitude;Health behavior for 10 national cancer prevention recommendations

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