Assessing the forensic knowledge of 119 emergency medical technicians

119 구급대원의 법의학 지식에 대한 연구

  • Received : 2019.07.20
  • Accepted : 2019.08.18
  • Published : 2019.08.31


Purpose: It is crucial that 119 emergency medical technician (EMT) have adequate knowledge regarding forensic science. This study aimed to assess the forensic knowledge of EMTs in the Republic of Korea. Methods: This study was conducted on EMTs of five fire stations in D metropolitan city between August 6 and August 13, 2018. A questionnaire consisting of items on crime-related incident recognition (i.e., mechanical asphyxiation, trauma, sex crimes, and child abuse), forensic evidence management (i.e., evidence collection, preservation, and recording) was administered to the participants. Finally, 119 questionnaires were analyzed. Results: The ratio of correct answers for crime-related incidents recognition was 55.82%, which was lower than that for forensic evidence management(84.5%). In particular, the scores for the type of neck compression(16.5%) and wound assessment(44.0%) were low. The percentage of correct answers for forensic evidence management was 78.4% for evidence collection, 84.4% for evidence preservation, and 90.6% for evidence recording. Previous forensic education experience was not a significant variable. Conclusion: Specific and practical forensic science education on perception of crime-related incident, including asphyxia and wound identification, and forensic evidence collection is needed.


119 Emergency medical technicians;Forensic science;Level of knowledge


  1. Nurcan C, Dilek O. The knowledge levels of health personnel in Turkey regarding forensic science. American Academy of Forensic Sciences 2012; 57(5): 1217-21.
  2. Chae JM. Understanding of forensic science in Fire Service. Gyeongbuk Journal of Fire & Safety 2008;12(5):207-20.
  3. Fire Department. 119 Emergency Services Statistical System 2018.
  4. Park YD. Perception of death scene preservation and forensic medicine education among 119 emergency medical technicians. Unpublished master's thesis, Kyungpook National University 2014, Deagu, Korea.
  5. Han SW. Limitation of 119 rescue workers' forensic role in crime scene and improvement plan-focus on Jeju special self-governing province. Unpublished master's thesis, Kyungpook National University 2014, Deagu, Korea.
  6. Cho D, Chae JM. Analysis of actual conditions of unnatural death cases and questionnaire for initial crime scene investigation of police. Journal of Forensic and Investigative Science 2006;1(1):11-30.
  7. The standard protocols for 119 Emergency Medical Service providers. 2019, National Fire Agency 119.
  8. Kim JH. The forensic experience and interest of 119 ambulance worker. Journal of Fire Studies at Gyeongbuk Fire Academy 15th ed. 2011. 223-64.
  9. Kim BY, Lee SH. The educational need of forensic medicine for emergency medical technicians in 119 rescue service. Journal of Forensic and Investigative Science 2007;2(2):50-66.
  10. A lifelong friend of strength, the Ministry of Health and Welfare. Rate of Child abuse, 2018.
  11. Choi ES, Hong SG, Kwon HR, Ko BY, Lee KY, Jung HH et al. Standardization of a curriculum for paramedic students in South Korea. Korean J Emerg Med Ser 2017;21(2):17-37.