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Perception of child abuse and attitudes towards mandatory reporting among 119 emergency medical technicians

119구급대원의 아동학대 인식 및 신고의무태도에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun (Yeongam 119 Safety Center, Yeongam Fire Station) ;
  • Cho, Keun-Ja (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University)
  • 김태현 (영암소방서 영암119안전센터) ;
  • 조근자 (공주대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2019.07.14
  • Accepted : 2019.08.18
  • Published : 2019.08.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess 119 emergency medical technicians' perception of child abuse, attitudes towards mandatory reporting, and perceptions of mandatory reporting system, and to promote early reporting. Methods: The questionnaire was filled out by one hundred ninety 119 EMTs with paramedic or nurse licenses. The questionnaire consisted of 53 items with responses based on a five-point scale. Data were collected from July 10 to July 31, 2018, and were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 24.0 software. Results: The average score for 119 EMT's perception of child abuse was 3.76. The average score for positive attitude towards mandatory reporting was 3.63, and the average score for negative attitude towards mandatory reporting was 2.63. The average score for perceptions of the mandatory reporting system was 3.50. There was a significant positive correlation between perception of child abuse and positive attitude towards mandatory reporting (r=.244, p=.001), between perception of child abuse and perceptions of the mandatory reporting system (r=.209, p=.004), and between positive attitude towards mandatory reporting and perceptions of mandatory reporting system (r=.336, p=.000). Conclusion: Systemic educational programs for 119 EMTs on perception of child abuse and reporting are needed. It is very important to establish institutional strategies such as the use of checklist for suspicion of child abuse, procedural simplicity after reporting, and protection of reporter information.

Keywords

119 emergency medical technicians (EMTs);Perception of child abuse;Attitude;Mandatory reporting

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