A Biomechanics-Based Ergonomic Analysis for Footware Development

풋웨어 개발을 위한 생체역학 기반 인간공학적 분석 : B-boy 신발 개발을 중심으로

  • Hah, Chong-Ku (Research and Data Bank Incorporation) ;
  • Jang, Young-Kwan (Dept. of Industrial & Management Engineering, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Hyun (Dept. of Sports Rehabilitation, JeJu International University)
  • 하종규 ((주)알엔디비) ;
  • 장영관 (강원대학교 산업경영공학과) ;
  • 김진현 (제주국제대학교 스포츠재활학과)
  • Received : 2019.06.17
  • Accepted : 2019.08.20
  • Published : 2019.08.28


The purpose of this study is to find biomechanical parameters for optimal shoes production through an ergonomic usability assessment of five existing types of shoes preferred by B-BOY. Ten experts and ten non-experts participated in the experiment, and 12 infrared cameras (Qualis, Oqus), force plate (Kistler, 9286AA) and foot pressure plate (Zebris Gmbh, Zebris PDM-System) were used to obtain the data. The results of the study are as follows. First, P shoes with a friction coefficient of 0.38 and a free moment of 0.32 N/m/kg are desirable in terms of traction capability and safety. Second, on the cushion, it was found that the N shoes 2.51 N, sec/kg and non-expert, and 2.86 N and sec/kg were suitable. Third, it is deemed appropriate for C shoes with a forefoot average pressure of 10.11 KPa (right), 10.05 KPa (left), and V shoes with a rearfoot average pressure of 8.4 KPa (right) and 8.36 KPa (left). In conclusion, the combination of the structure and material of V shoes should be developed for traction and stability, N shoes for cushion, and walking balance for C and V shoes.

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_f0001.png 이미지

Fig. 1. Indian step

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_f0002.png 이미지

Fig. 2. Rainbow jump

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_f0003.png 이미지

Fig. 3. Turn movement

Table 1. the traits of experts

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. the traits of non-experts

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Five kinds shoes

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Research Variables

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Coefficients of Frictions in five kinds of shoes

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0005.png 이미지

Table 7. Free moments of right ankles joint during turn- movement

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0006.png 이미지

Table 8. Results of stability questionnaire

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0007.png 이미지

Table 9. Impulses of five kinds of shoes

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0008.png 이미지

Table 10. Results of cushion questionnaire

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0009.png 이미지

Table 11. Mean foot pressures for five kinds shoes

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0010.png 이미지

Table 12. Differences of foot pressures for five kinds shoes

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0011.png 이미지

Table 6. Results of traction questionnaire

JKOHBZ_2019_v9n8_140_t0012.png 이미지


Supported by : Kangwon National University


  1. Y. J. Kang & M. W. No. (2007). Analysis of success factors of B-boy performances and study of global marketing strategy. Human Contents of Association, (10), 263-282.
  2. S. J. Kim. (2008). B-boys and traditional culture met. Korea Institute of Brain Science, Brain, 10, 68-69.
  3. C. H. Cho, K. S. Song, B. W. Min, S. M. Lee, H. W. Chang & D. S. Eum. (2009). Musculoskeletal injuries in break-dancers. Injury, 40(11), 1207-1211.
  4. Y. H. Chen, C, L. Kuo, L. C. Lin, S. J. Wang, C. H. Lee (2008). Stress fracture of the ulna in a break-dancer. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 7(4), 556-559.
  5. S. H. Kim, H. Y. Lee & Y. D. Kim. (2015). Plantar foot pressure distribution depending on ground conditions and shoe type. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 16(4), 2899-2905.
  6. S. H. Ryu, H. J. Gil, S. J. Kong, Y. S. Choi, J. S. Ryu, S. H. Yoon & S. K. Park. (2018). The Effects of Insole Material and Hardness in Different Plantar Sites on the Comfort and Impact Absorption. Journal of the ergonomics society of Korea , 37(4), 475-487.
  7. J. S. Lee & S. K. Park. (2004). Rotational Friction of Different Soccer Stud. Korean Society of Sport Biomechanics, 14(2), 121-138.
  8. S. B. Park, K. D. Lee, D. W. Kim, J. H. Yoo, J. M. Jung & K. H. Park. (2017). Analysis of plantar pressure during climbing for the development of sports climbing shoes. Journal Footwear Science, Issue sup1: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Footwear Biomechanics Symposium. (pp. 5111-5113).
  9. S. G. Oh & J. H. Kim. (2018). A Comparative Study on the Characteristics of Friction with/without shoes by Analyzing Bio-signals during walking. Journal of Convergence for Information Technology, 8(6), 59-66.
  10. R. C. Dinato, A. P. Ribeiro, M. K. Butugan, I. L. Pereira, A. N. Onodera & I. C. Sacco. (2015). Biomechanical Variables and Perception of Comfort in Running Shoes with different Cushioning Technologies. Journal of Science Medical Sport, 18(1), 93-97.
  11. L. Malisoux, N. Delattre, A. Urhausen & D. Theisen (2017). Shoe Cushioning, Body Mass and Running Biomechanics as Risk Factors for Running Injury: a Study Protocol for a Randomised Controlled Trial. BMJ Open, 1-7.