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A study on comparative feeding value of corn flakes according to temperature and retention time in the pressurized steam chamber

  • Ahn, Jun Sang (Hanwoo Research Institute, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Shin, Jung Suh (Dept. of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Min Ji (Dept. of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Son, Gi Hwal (Dept. of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kwon, Eung Gi (Hanwoo Research Institute, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Shim, Jae Yoon (Dept. of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Il Young (Dept. of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Cho, Sung Myoun (Dept. of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Cho, Sang Rae (Hanwoo Research Institute, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Park, Byung Ki (Nonghyup Feed Co., Ltd.)
  • Received : 2019.04.25
  • Accepted : 2019.05.13
  • Published : 2019.05.31

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of temperature and retention time of the pressurized steam chamber on the ruminal fermentation characteristics and nutrient degradability of corn flakes in three Korean native Hanwoo cows and three Holstein cows implanted with a ruminal fistula. Corn kernels were categorized into 13 groups based on the chamber temperature (range, $100^{\circ}C-116^{\circ}C$) and retention time (range, 700-950 s). The pH value was lowest in T1 regardless of breed. Propionate concentration was the highest in T2 (p < 0.05). Total-volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration was slightly but not significantly greater in T2 than in other conditions. Dry matter (p < 0.05), starch, and crude protein (p < 0.05) degradability were the highest in T1. At different incubation times and with different breeds, dry matter, starch, and crude protein degradability of corn flakes were the highest in T1. Thus, the present results indicate that the optimal temperature and retention time of the pressurized steam chamber should be $100^{\circ}C-105^{\circ}C$ and 700-720 s.

Keywords

Pressurized steam chamber;Temperature;Retention time;Corn flake;Rumen;Degradability

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Institute of Animal Science

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