Deep learning for stage prediction in neuroblastoma using gene expression data

  • Park, Aron (Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Gachon Advanced Institute for Health Sciences and Technology, Gachon University) ;
  • Nam, Seungyoon (Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Gachon Advanced Institute for Health Sciences and Technology, Gachon University)
  • Received : 2019.08.29
  • Accepted : 2019.09.10
  • Published : 2019.09.30


Neuroblastoma is a major cause of cancer death in early childhood, and its timely and correct diagnosis is critical. Gene expression datasets have recently been considered as a powerful tool for cancer diagnosis and subtype classification. However, no attempts have yet been made to apply deep learning using gene expression to neuroblastoma classification, although deep learning has been applied to cancer diagnosis using image data. Taking the International Neuroblastoma Staging System stages as multiple classes, we designed a deep neural network using the gene expression patterns and stages of neuroblastoma patients. Despite a small patient population (n = 280), stage 1 and 4 patients were well distinguished. If it is possible to replicate this approach in a larger population, deep learning could play an important role in neuroblastoma staging.



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